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In 1932, Joe Crosson made the first landing on Muldrow Glacier near Mount McKinley.
In 1969, the Alaska House of Representatives approved a resolution calling on the Food and Drug Administration to designate the tanner crab as the "Queen Crab."
In 1979, the Alaska Senate failed to pass a pro-capital move resolution by a vote of 10 to 7.
In the nation
In 1898, the United States formally declared war on Spain.
In 1945, delegates from some 50 countries met in San Francisco to organize the United Nations.
In 1959, the St. Lawrence Seaway opened to shipping.
In 1997, the prosecution began calling witnesses in Timothy McVeigh's Oklahoma City bombing trial. A federal judge ruled for the first time that the Food and Drug Administration can regulate tobacco as a drug - but said it couldn't restrict cigarette advertising.
In 2002, President Bush hosted Crown Prince Abdullah of Saudi Arabia at his Texas ranch for a day of talks. The House voted overwhelmingly, 405-9, to abolish the embattled Immigration and Naturalization Service.
In 2006, President Bush ordered a temporary suspension of environmental rules for gasoline, making it easier for refiners to meet demand.
In the world
In 1507, America got its name from German cartographer Martin Waldseemueller, who first used the term on a world map to refer to the huge mass of land in the Western Hemisphere, in honor of Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci.
In 1792, highwayman Nicolas Jacques Pelletier became the first person under French law to be executed by the guillotine.
In 1859, ground was broken for the Suez Canal.
In 1915, during World War I, Allied soldiers invaded the Gallipoli Peninsula in an unsuccessful attempt to take the Ottoman Empire out of the war.
In 1945, during World War II, U.S. and Soviet forces linked up on the Elbe River, a meeting that dramatized the collapse of Nazi Germany's defenses.
In 1983, the Pioneer X spacecraft crossed Pluto's orbit, speeding on its endless voyage through the Milky Way.
In 1990, the Hubble Space Telescope was deployed from the space shuttle Discovery.
In 2006, in a rare video posted on the Internet, al-Qaida in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi swore allegiance to Osama bin Laden and said any government formed in Iraq would be merely a "stooge."