In 1965, a Bureau of Commercial Fisheries vessel began a 2-month voyage to explore potential bottom-fishing grounds along the Continental Shelf.
In 1967, the Civil Aeronautics Board gave Alaska Airlines temporary permission to serve Sitka.
In the nation
In 1607, an expedition of English colonists, including Captain John Smith, went ashore at Cape Henry, Va., to establish the first permanent English settlement in the Western Hemisphere.
In 1865, John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of President Lincoln, was surrounded by federal troops near Bowling Green, Va., and killed.
In 1968, the United States exploded a one-megaton nuclear device called "Boxcar" beneath the Nevada desert
In 1970, the Broadway musical "Company" opened at the Alvin Theatre in New York.
In 1989, actress-comedian Lucille Ball died at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles at age 77.
In 1994, Rachelle "Shelley" Shannon, who admitted shooting and wounding an abortion provider outside his clinic, was sentenced in Wichita, Kan., to nearly 11 years in prison.
In 2003, Charlton Heston, diagnosed with symptoms of Alzheimer's disease, made his last appearance as president of the National Rifle Association during a convention in Orlando, Fla.. He briefly thanked the membership.
In the world
In 1785, American naturalist and artist John James Audubon was born in Haiti.
In 1937, planes from Nazi Germany raided the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.
In 1945, Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, the head of France's Vichy government during World War II, was arrested.
In 1964, the African nations of Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form Tanzania.
In 1986, the world's worst nuclear accident occurred at the Chernobyl plant in the Soviet Union. An explosion and fire killed at least 31 people and sent radioactivity into the atmosphere.
In 1994, voting began in South Africa's first all-race elections. A Taiwanese jetliner crashed in Nagoya, Japan, killing 264 people.
In 1999, the head of the International Committee of the Red Cross, Cornelio Sommaruga, met with three U.S. soldiers held captive by Yugoslavia. BBC anchorwoman Jill Dando, the host of a crime-fighting program, was fatally shot on the steps of her London home. Barry George was convicted in July 2001 of killing Dando.
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