This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, April 27, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1949, U.S. military officials announced plans for a permanent arctic equipment testing station at Big Delta.

• In 1949, Anchorage set a new winter snowfall record of 104.3 inches.

• In 1958, a Juneau man drove away a young black bear by kicking it in the rump.

• In 1970, an apparent oil spill in Bristol Bay killed as many as 86,000 murres (a kind of seabird).

In the nation

• In 1865, the steamer "Sultana" exploded on the Mississippi River near Memphis, Tenn., killing more than 1,400 Union prisoners of war.

• In 1937, the nation's first Social Security checks were distributed.

• In 1973, during the Watergate scandal, Acting FBI Director L. Patrick Gray resigned.

• In 1978, convicted Watergate defendant John D. Ehrlichman was released from an Arizona prison after serving 18 months.

• In 1994, former President Richard M. Nixon was remembered at an outdoor funeral service attended by all five of his successors at the Nixon presidential library in Yorba Linda, Calif.

• In 1995, former Orange County, Calif., Treasurer Robert Citron pleaded guilty to six counts of defrauding investors in the Orange County investment pool.

• In 2000, New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani disclosed that he had prostate cancer. He later bowed out of the U.S. Senate race against Hillary Rodham Clinton.

• In 2004, Republican Sen. Arlen Specter, of Pennsylvania, beat back a tough primary threat, barely defeating conservative congressman Pat Toomey.

In the world

• In 1509, Pope Julius II excommunicated the Italian state of Venice. The pope lifted the excommunication in February 1510.

• In 1521, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan was killed by natives in the Philippines.

• In 1805, during the First Barbary War, an American-led force of Marines and mercenaries captured the city of Derna, on the shores of Tripoli.

• In 1967, Expo '67 was officially opened in Montreal by Canadian Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson.

• In 2004, Iraqi police moved into the streets of the besieged city of Fallujah following hours of pounding by U.S. warplanes and artillery on Sunni insurgents.

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