In 1949, U.S. military officials announced plans for a permanent arctic equipment testing station at Big Delta.
In 1949, Anchorage set a new winter snowfall record of 104.3 inches.
In 1958, a Juneau man drove away a young black bear by kicking it in the rump.
In 1970, an apparent oil spill in Bristol Bay killed as many as 86,000 murres (a kind of seabird).
In the nation
In 1865, the steamer "Sultana" exploded on the Mississippi River near Memphis, Tenn., killing more than 1,400 Union prisoners of war.
In 1937, the nation's first Social Security checks were distributed.
In 1973, during the Watergate scandal, Acting FBI Director L. Patrick Gray resigned.
In 1978, convicted Watergate defendant John D. Ehrlichman was released from an Arizona prison after serving 18 months.
In 1994, former President Richard M. Nixon was remembered at an outdoor funeral service attended by all five of his successors at the Nixon presidential library in Yorba Linda, Calif.
In 1995, former Orange County, Calif., Treasurer Robert Citron pleaded guilty to six counts of defrauding investors in the Orange County investment pool.
In 2000, New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani disclosed that he had prostate cancer. He later bowed out of the U.S. Senate race against Hillary Rodham Clinton.
In 2004, Republican Sen. Arlen Specter, of Pennsylvania, beat back a tough primary threat, barely defeating conservative congressman Pat Toomey.
In the world
In 1509, Pope Julius II excommunicated the Italian state of Venice. The pope lifted the excommunication in February 1510.
In 1521, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan was killed by natives in the Philippines.
In 1805, during the First Barbary War, an American-led force of Marines and mercenaries captured the city of Derna, on the shores of Tripoli.
In 1967, Expo '67 was officially opened in Montreal by Canadian Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson.
In 2004, Iraqi police moved into the streets of the besieged city of Fallujah following hours of pounding by U.S. warplanes and artillery on Sunni insurgents.