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In 1949, U.S. Military officials announced plans for a permanent arctic equipment testing station at Big Delta.
In 1949, Anchorage set a winter snowfall record of 104.3 inches.
In 1970, an apparent oil spill in Bristol Bay killed as many as 86,000 murres.
In the nation
In 1865, the steamer Sultana exploded on the Mississippi River near Memphis, Tenn., killing more than 1,400 people, mostly Union prisoners of war.
In 1932, American poet Hart Crane, 32, drowned after jumping from a steamer into the Gulf of Mexico while en route to New York.
In 1947, it was "Babe Ruth Day" at Yankee Stadium as baseball fans, not just in New York, but across the country as well, honored the ailing star.
In 1978, convicted Watergate defendant John D. Ehrlichman was released from an Arizona prison after serving 18 months.
In 1997, President Clinton, along with former presidents George Bush and Jimmy Carter, helped polish gritty city streets in Philadelphia as they launched the three-day Summit for America's Future, a gathering on community service also attended by former President Gerald Ford and former first lady Nancy Reagan.
In 2002, a biker brawl at Harrah's Casino in Laughlin, Nev., left three bikers dead and 12 others wounded. Derek Lowe of the Boston Red Sox pitched a no-hitter against the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, 10-0.
In 2006, construction began on the 1,776-foot Freedom Tower that will stand on the site of the World Trade Center in New York City. The publisher of the teen novel "How Opal Mehta Got Kissed, Got Wild and Got a Life" pulled the book off the market after its author, Harvard student Kaavya Viswanathan, acknowledged that numerous passages had been lifted from another writer.
In the world
In 1509, Pope Julius II excommunicated the republic of Venice. (The pope lifted the ban in February 1510.)
In 1521, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan was killed by natives in the Philippines.
In 1570, Pope Pius V excommunicated Queen Elizabeth I.