In 1898, the townsite of Council on the Seward Peninsula was staked and a mining district formed.
In 1949, Dr. James Ryan, the territorial commissioner of education, told a Senate committee that Alaska children were of superior intelligence because of the "high-grade" of the territorial pioneers.
In 1959, U.S. Sen. Ernest Gruening revealed plans to authorize the Army Corps of Engineers to construct a hydroelectric dam at Rampart Canyon on the Yukon River.
In 1975, 15 Alaska volunteers left on the first leg of a privately funded airlift to bring Vietnamese orphans to the United States.
In the nation
In 1758, the fifth president of the United States, James Monroe, was born in Westmoreland County, Va.
In 1788, Maryland became the seventh state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
In 1988, a flight attendant was killed and 61 persons injured when part of the roof of an Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 peeled back during a flight from Hilo to Honolulu.
In 1992, the Agriculture Department unveiled its pyramid-shaped recommended-diet chart that cost nearly $1 million to develop.
In 1993, the first "Take Our Daughters to Work Day," promoted by the New York-based Ms. Foundation, was held in an attempt to boost the self-esteem of girls by having them visit a parent's place of work.
In 1998, in a breakthrough for the government's tobacco investigation, cigarette maker Liggett and Myers agreed to tell prosecutors whether the industry had hidden evidence of health damage from smoking. The Senate opened a new round of hearings on alleged abuse and mismanagement at the Internal Revenue Service.
In 2002, severe weather, including tornadoes in Missouri and Maryland, killed at least six people.
In the world
In 1789, there was a mutiny on HMS Bounty as the crew of the British ship set Capt. William Bligh and 18 sailors adrift in a launch in the South Pacific.
In 1937, Saddam Hussein was born in the Iraqi village of al-Oja near the desert town of Tikrit.
In 1945, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, were executed by Italian partisans as they attempted to flee the country.
In 1947, a six-man expedition sailed from Peru aboard a balsa wood raft named the Kon-Tiki on a 101-day journey to Polynesia.
In 1952, war with Japan officially ended as a treaty that had been signed by the United States and 47 other nations took effect.
In 1958, Vice President Nixon and his wife, Pat, began a goodwill tour of Latin America that was marred by hostile mobs in Lima, Peru, and Caracas, Venezuela.
In 1986, the Soviet Union informed the world of the nuclear disaster at Chernobyl.
In 2002, Alexander Lebed, the gruff former general who'd helped defeat the 1991 hard-line Soviet coup, was killed in a helicopter crash near the Russian town of Abakan; he was 52.
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