In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
In 1898, the townsite of Council on the Seward Peninsula was staked and a mining district formed.
In 1949, Dr. James Ryan, the Territorial commissioner of education, told a Senate committee that Alaska children were of superior intelligence because of the "high-grade" of the territorial pioneers.
In 1959, U.S. Sen. Ernest Gruening revealed plans to authorize the Army Corps of Engineers to construct a hydroelectric dam at Rampart Canyon on the Yukon River.
In 1975, 15 Alaska volunteers left on the first leg of a privately funded airlift to bring Vietnamese orphans to the U.S.
In the nation
In 1788, Maryland became the seventh state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
In 1958, the United States conducted the first of 35 nuclear test explosions in the Pacific Proving Ground as part of Operation Hardtack I.
In 1967, heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali refused to be inducted into the Army, the same day Gen. William C. Westmoreland told Congress the U.S. "would prevail in Vietnam."
In 1988, a flight attendant was killed and more than 60 persons injured when part of the roof of an Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 tore off during a flight from Hilo to Honolulu.
In 1998, Social Security's trustees in their annual report predicted three extra years of full pension benefits for retiring baby boomers before a potential cash shortfall in 2032. The Senate opened a new round of hearings on alleged abuse and mismanagement at the Internal Revenue Service.
In the world
In 1789, there was a mutiny on HMS Bounty as the crew of the British ship set Capt. William Bligh and 18 sailors adrift in a launch in the South Pacific.
In 1945, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, were executed by Italian partisans as they attempted to flee the country.
In 1952, war with Japan officially ended as a treaty signed in San Francisco the year before took effect.
In 1958, Vice President Nixon and his wife, Pat, began a goodwill tour of Latin America that was marred by hostile mobs in Lima, Peru, and Caracas, Venezuela.
In 1996, a man armed with a semiautomatic rifle opened fire on tourists on the Australian island of Tasmania, killing 35 people; he was captured by police after a 12-hour standoff at a guest cottage.
In 2003, on Saddam Hussein's 66th birthday, delegates from inside and outside Iraq agreed to hold a nation-building meeting and fashion a temporary, post-Saddam government. The Soyuz space capsule carrying a U.S.-Russian space crew docked with the international space station.
In 2007, a suicide car bomber struck in Karbala, Iraq, killing at least 63 people. A suicide attack on Pakistan's Interior Minister, Aftab Khan Sherpao, killed 28 people; the official was slightly hurt.
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