This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, April 29, 2007

In Alaska

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• In 1930, the cornerstone of the Federal and Territorial Building, now the Capitol, was laid in Juneau.

• In 1974, Construction of the Haul Road from Fairbanks to Prudhoe Bay, now the James Dalton Highway, began. Work was completed 154 days later. About 1,200 workers were employed north of the Yukon River.

In the nation

• In 1861, Maryland's House of Delegates voted against seceding from the Union.

• In 1946, 28 former Japanese leaders went on trial in Tokyo as war criminals; seven ended up being sentenced to death.

• In 1974, President Richard Nixon announced he was releasing edited transcripts of some secretly made White House tape recordings related to Watergate.

• In 1992, deadly rioting erupted in Los Angeles after a jury in Simi Valley, Calif., acquitted four Los Angeles police officers of almost all state charges in the videotaped beating of Rodney King.

• In 1997, Staff Sgt. Delmar Simpson, a drill instructor at Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland, was convicted of raping six female trainees. (He was sentenced to 25 years in prison and dishonorably discharged.) A worldwide treaty to ban chemical weapons went into effect. Astronaut Jerry Linenger and cosmonaut Vasily Tsibliyev went on the first U.S.-Russian space walk. Pulitzer Prize-winning newspaper columnist Mike Royko died in Chicago at age 64.

• In 2006, tens of thousands of protesters marched through lower Manhattan to demand an immediate withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq.

In the world

• In 1429, Joan of Arc entered the besieged city of Orleans to lead a French victory over the English.

• In 1798, Joseph Haydn's oratorio "The Creation" was rehearsed in Vienna, Austria, before an invited audience.

• In 1916, the Easter Rising in Dublin collapsed as Irish nationalists surrendered to British authorities.

• In 1945, during World War II, American soldiers liberated the Dachau concentration camp; the same day, Adolf Hitler married Eva Braun and designated Admiral Karl Doenitz president.

• In 1997, a worldwide treaty to ban chemical weapons went into effect. Astronaut Jerry Linenger and cosmonaut Vasily Tsibliyev went on the first U.S.-Russian space walk.

• In 2002, a year after the loss of a seat it had held for over 50 years, the United States won election to the U.N. Human Rights Commission.



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