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This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, April 29, 2008

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

In Alaska

• In 1930, the cornerstone of the Federal and Territorial Building, now the Capitol, was laid in Juneau.

• In 1949, the Fairbanks Junior Chamber of Commerce voted to sue Collier's Magazine for printing false information about Alaska's climate.

• In 1974, construction of the Haul Road from Fairbanks to Prudhoe Bay, now the James Dalton Highway, began. Work was completed 154 days later. About 1,200 workers were employed north of the Yukon River.

• In 1979, the town of Skagway feared that the planned road to Whitehorse would bring a tourist deluge.

In the nation

• In 1861, Maryland's House of Delegates voted against seceding from the Union.

• In 1968, the counterculture musical "Hair" opened on Broadway following limited engagements off-Broadway.

• In 1974, President Nixon announced he was releasing edited transcripts of some secretly made White House tape recordings related to Watergate.

• In 1983, Harold Washington was sworn in as the first black mayor of Chicago.

• In 1992, deadly rioting erupted in Los Angeles after a jury in Simi Valley, Calif., acquitted four Los Angeles police officers of almost all state charges in the videotaped beating of Rodney King.

• In 2007, a man shot and killed two people when he opened fire in a parking lot and in the Ward Parkway Center in Kansas City, Mo.; the gunman, David W. Logsdon, died in a shootout with police. An elevated section of highway that carries motorists from the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge to a number of freeways was destroyed after heat from an overturned gasoline truck caused part of one overpass to crumple onto another.

In the world

• In 1429, Joan of Arc entered the besieged city of Orleans to lead a French victory over the English.

• In 1798, Joseph Haydn's oratorio "The Creation" was rehearsed in Vienna, Austria, before an invited audience.

• In 1916, the Easter Rising in Dublin collapsed as Irish nationalists surrendered to British authorities.

• In 1945, during World War II, American soldiers liberated the Dachau concentration camp; the same day, Adolf Hitler married Eva Braun and designated Adm. Karl Doenitz president.

• In 1946, 28 former Japanese officials went on trial in Tokyo as war criminals; seven ended up being sentenced to death.

• In 1998, the United States, Canada, and Mexico agreed to eliminate tariffs on items accounting for $1 billion in trade at a meeting in Paris on the North American Free Trade Agreement. Israelis began marking the 50th anniversary of the founding of their country.

• In 2003, the Palestinian parliament approved Mahmoud Abbas as prime minister, clearing the final obstacle to the launch of a U.S.-backed "road map" to peace.



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