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In 1913, a bill creating the Alaska Pioneer's Home was approved by territorial Gov. Walter E. Clark
In 1940, Juneau changed its clocks to Seattle time, 14 years after Ketchikan led the way.
In 1967, while the rest of the United States made the move to Daylight Savings Time, Alaska remained on Standard Time due to a one-year exemption from the Uniform Time Act.
In 1975, former Gov. William Egan accepted a job managing a pension fund for the Electrical Workers Union and the Electrical Contractors Association.
In the nation
In 1789, George Washington took office in New York as the first president of the United States.
In 1803, the United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France for 60 million francs, the equivalent of about $15 million.
In 1812, Louisiana became the 18th state of the Union.
In 1900, engineer John Luther "Casey" Jones of the Illinois Central Railroad died in a train wreck near Vaughan, Miss., after staying at the controls in a successful effort to save the passengers.
In 1904, the Louisiana Purchase Exposition opened in St. Louis.
In 1939, the New York World's Fair officially opened.
In 1947, President Truman signed a measure officially changing the name of Boulder Dam to Hoover Dam.
In 1970, President Nixon announced the U.S. was sending troops into Cambodia, an action that sparked widespread protest.
In 1973, President Nixon announced the resignations of top aides H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman, along with Attorney General Richard G. Kleindienst and White House counsel John Dean.
In 1997, the Senate approved the nomination of Alexis Herman to be labor secretary. ABC TV aired the "coming out" episode of the situation comedy "Ellen" in which the title character, played by Ellen DeGeneres, acknowledged her homosexuality. President Clinton reopened the newly renovated Thomas Jefferson Building of the Library of Congress in Washington.
In 2002, Benevolence International Foundation, an Islamic charity based in suburban Chicago, and its director were charged with perjury; authorities accused the charity of supporting terrorists. (Enaam Arnaout later pleaded guilty to racketeering, admitting he had defrauded donors by diverting some of the money to Islamic military groups in Bosnia and Chechnya.)
In 2006, thousands of people joined celebrities and lawmakers at a rally on the National Mall in Washington, urging the Bush administration and Congress to help end genocide in Sudan's Darfur region.
In the world
In 1945, as Russian troops approached his Berlin bunker, Adolf Hitler committed suicide along with his wife of one day, Eva Braun.
In 1975, the South Vietnamese capital of Saigon fell to Communist forces.