In 1934, legal liquor returned to Alaska and 10 liquor stores opened in Juneau.
In 1959, U.S. Secretary of the Interior Fred Seaton sent Congress a bill seeking to establish an Arctic Wildlife Range.
In the nation
In 1931, New York's 102-story Empire State Building was dedicated.
In 1963, James W. Whittaker of Redmond, Wash., became the first American to conquer Mount Everest as he and a Sherpa guide reached the summit.
In 1967, Elvis Presley married Priscilla Beaulieu in Las Vegas. (They divorced in 1973.)
In 1998, Eldridge Cleaver, the fiery Black Panther leader who later renounced his past and became a Republican, died in Pomona, Calif., at age 62.
In 1971, Amtrak - which combined and streamlined the operations of 18 intercity passenger railroads - went into service.
In the world
In 1960, the Soviet Union shot down an American U-2 reconnaissance plane near Sverdlovsk and captured its pilot, Francis Gary Powers.