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In 1914, Secretary of the Interior Franklin Lane announced that the Susitna route had been chosen for the Alaska Railroad.
In 1934, legal liquor returned to Alaska and 10 liquor stores opened in Juneau.
In 1959, U.S. Secretary of the Interior Fred Seaton sent Congress a bill seeking to establish an Arctic Wildlife Range. The Defense Early Warning Line System was extended along the Aleutian Islands. Gov. William Egan formed the Departments of Law, Labor and Natural Resources.
In 1979, Anchorage Mayor George Sullivan blasted reports that earthquake danger makes much of the city unsafe, saying he expected Anchorage buildings to survive the next earthquake.
In the nation
In 1893, the World's Columbian Exposition opened to the public in Chicago.
In 1931, New York's 102-story Empire State Building was dedicated.
In 1967, Elvis Presley married Priscilla Beaulieu in Las Vegas. (They divorced in 1973.)
In 1982, the 1982 World's Fair opened in Knoxville, Tenn.
In 1997, John and Patsy Ramsey, the parents of slain child beauty queen JonBenet Ramsey, publicly declared their innocence, and asked for the public's help in finding the killer of their 6-year-old daughter.
In 2006, hundreds of thousands of mostly Hispanic immigrants in the U.S. skipped work and took to the streets, flexing their economic muscle in a nationwide boycott. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Anna Nicole Smith could pursue part of her late husband's oil fortune.
In the world
In 1707, the Kingdom of Great Britain was created as a treaty merging England and Scotland took effect.
In 1786, Mozart's opera "The Marriage of Figaro" premiered in Vienna, Austria.
In 1945, a day after Adolf Hitler committed suicide, Admiral Karl Doenitz effectively became sole leader of the Third Reich with the suicide of Hitler's propaganda minister, Josef Goebbels.
In 1960, the Soviet Union shot down an American U-2 reconnaissance plane near Sverdlovsk and captured its pilot, Francis Gary Powers.
In 1967, Anastasio Somoza Debayle became president of Nicaragua.
In 1997, Britons went to the polls in a national election that gave the Labour Party a resounding victory over the ruling Conservatives.
In 2002, Israeli armored vehicles began leaving Yasser Arafat's battered West Bank compound, ending his five months of confinement. Well over a million people across France marched against far-right leader Jean-Marie Le Pen, four days before Le Pen was soundly defeated by President Jacques Chirac in a runoff.
In 2006, Bolivian President Evo Morales nationalized the country's vast natural gas industry.