In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
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In 1911, Cordova residents shoveled Canadian coal into the harbor to protest federal reservations of Alaska coal lands. The event became known as the Cordova Coal Party.
In 1939, Lt. Col. Gregory Holsington was ordered transferred to Chilkoot Barracks in Haines as its new commander.
In 1949, Aaska's general fund was $450,000 short of being able to pay its bills.
In 1952, an Alaska Air Command C-47 was the first aircraft to land at the geographic center of the North Pole.
In 1972, wilderness areas were established in Alaska's state parks.
In the nation
In 1626, Dutch explorer Peter Minuit landed on present-day Manhattan Island.
In 1886, at Haymarket Square in Chicago, a labor demonstration for an eight-hour work day turned into a riot when a bomb exploded.
In 1932, mobster Al Capone, convicted of income-tax evasion, entered the federal penitentiary in Atlanta. (Capone was later transferred to Alcatraz Island.)
In 1946, a two-day riot at Alcatraz prison in San Francisco Bay ended, the violence having claimed five lives.
In 1961, a group of "Freedom Riders" left Washington for New Orleans to challenge racial segregation on interstate buses and in bus terminals.
In 1970, Ohio National Guardsmen opened fire on anti-war protesters at Kent State University, killing four students and wounding nine others.
In 1997, IBM's Deep Blue computer defeated world chess champion Garry Kasparov, evening their six-game series at one game apiece. Cerefino Jimenez Malla became the first Gypsy beatified in the history of the Roman Catholic Church.
In 2001, Bonny Lee Bakley, wife of actor Robert Blake, was shot to death as she sat in a car in Los Angeles. (Blake, accused of the killing, was acquitted in a criminal trial but was found liable by a civil jury and ordered to pay damages.)
In 2002, War Emblem, a 20-to-1 shot, scored a wire-to-wire, four-length victory over Proud Citizen in the Kentucky Derby.
In 2006, a federal judge sentenced Zacarias Moussaoui to life in prison for his role in the 9/11 attacks; the convicted terrorist declared: "God save Osama bin Laden - you will never get him." The U.S. military released video footage of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in which the al-Qaida leader was seen wearing American tennis shoes and unable to operate his automatic rifle.
In the world
In 1904, the United States took over construction of the Panama Canal.
In 1916, responding to a demand from President Wilson, Germany agreed to limit its submarine warfare, thereby averting a diplomatic break with Washington. (However, Germany resumed unrestricted submarine warfare the following year.)
In 1945, during World War II, German forces in the Netherlands, Denmark and northwest Germany agreed to surrender.
In 1979, Conservative Party leader Margaret Thatcher became Britain's first female prime minister as the Tories ousted the incumbent Labour government in parliamentary elections.
In 2002, a Nigerian airliner crashed in the northern city of Kano just after takeoff, killing a total of 154 people on the plane and the ground.