In 1917, Lester D. Henderson, superintendent of schools in Juneau, was appointed the territory of Alaska's first commissioner of education.
In 1928, Henry O'Malley, U.S. Commissioner of Fisheries, asked for a decrease in taking and packing salmon for fear of depleting the fisheries.
In the nation
In 1891, Carnegie Hall (then named "Music Hall") had its opening night in New York City.
In 1925, John T. Scopes was arrested in Tennessee for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution.
In 1942, sales of sugar resumed in the United States under a rationing program.
In 1961, astronaut Alan B. Shepard Jr. became America's first space traveler as he made a 15-minute sub-orbital flight in a capsule launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla.
In 1998, An exasperated Secretary of State Madeleine Albright called on Israel to agree to hand over an additional 13 percent of the West Bank to the Palestinians, on top of the 27 percent already relinquished. (Israel, however, continued to balk at the proposal.)
In 2002, movie director George Sidney, who had directed dozens of musicals when the genre was at its peak, died in Las Vegas at age 85.
In the world
In 1821, Napoleon Bonaparte died in exile on the island of St. Helena.
In 1912, the first issue of the Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda was published.
In 1942, during World War II, Japanese forces landed on the Philippine island of Corregidor.
In 1955, West Germany became a sovereign state.
In 1980, a siege at the Iranian embassy in London ended as British commandos and police stormed the building.
In 1981, Irish Republican Army hunger-striker Bobby Sands died at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland in his 66th day without food.
In 1993, the Bosnian Serb parliament began debating a U.N. peace plan for Bosnia (it rejected the plan the following day). U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali recommended creation of a tribunal to try those responsible for war crimes in former Yugoslavia.
In 2002, French President Jacques Chirac was re-elected in a landslide victory over extreme-right leader Jean-Marie Le Pen. Movie producer Michael Todd Jr., who produced the only feature in "Smell-o-Vision," titled "Scent of Mystery," died in Ireland at age 72. Former Bolivian President Hugo Banzer died in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, at age 75.