In 1935, the first contingent of CCC workers for the Matanuska colonization project rolled into Anchorage at noon aboard the Alaska Railroad.
In 1949, the Bartlett post office was established near Seward, but was discontinued in 1958.
In the nation
In 1861, Arkansas seceded from the Union.
In 1935, the Works Progress Administration began operating.
In 1981, Yale architecture student Maya Ying Lin was named winner of a competition to design the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
In 1995, friends and relatives of the Oklahoma City bombing victims made a somber pilgrimage to the site of the attack to say goodbye to their loved ones.
In 1996, the body of former CIA director William E. Colby was found washed up on a riverbank in southern Maryland, eight days after he'd disappeared.
In 2000, Jack Mazzan, who'd spent 20 years on death row for the murder of a judge's son, was released on bail, three months after the Nevada Supreme Court reversed his conviction. Before he could be tried again, Mazzan pleaded guilty to killing Richard Minor Jr. and received a life sentence; Mazzan has since sought parole, unsuccessfully. Fusaichi Pegasus became the first favorite to win the Kentucky Derby since Spectacular Bid in 1979.
In 2004, President Bush apologized for the abuse of Iraqi prisoners by American soldiers, calling it "a stain on our country's honor"; he rejected calls for Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld's resignation. The FBI arrested Oregon lawyer Brandon Mayfield as part of the investigation into the Madrid train bombings; however, the bureau later said Mayfield's arrest had been a mistake, and apologized.
In the world
In 1889, the Paris Exposition formally opened, featuring the just-completed Eiffel Tower.
In 1937, the hydrogen-filled German dirigible "Hindenburg" burned and crashed in Lakehurst, N.J., killing 35 of the 97 people on board and a Navy crewman on the ground.
In 1942, during World War II, some 15,000 Americans and Filipinos on Corregidor surrendered to the Japanese.
In 1954, medical student Roger Bannister broke the 4-minute mile during a track meet in Oxford, England, in 3 minutes and 59.4 seconds.
In 1994, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II and French President Francois Mitterrand formally opened the Channel Tunnel between their countries.