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In 1885, Alfred P. Swineford took office as the second governor of the District of Alaska, appointed by President Grover Cleveland.
In the nation
In 1789, the first inaugural ball was held in New York in honor of President and Mrs. George Washington.
In 1941, Glenn Miller and His Orchestra recorded "Chattanooga Choo Choo" for RCA Victor.
In 1975, President Ford formally declared an end to the Vietnam era. In Ho Chi Minh City - formerly Saigon - the Viet Cong celebrated its takeover.
In 1977, Seattle Slew won the Kentucky Derby, the first of his Triple Crown victories.
In 1984, a $180 million out-of-court settlement was announced in the Agent Orange class-action suit brought by Vietnam veterans who charged they'd suffered injury from exposure to the defoliant.
In 1997, the Army accused its top enlisted man, Sgt. Major of the Army Gene McKinney, of sexual misconduct. (At his court-martial, McKinney was acquitted of sexual misconduct, but found guilty of obstruction of justice.) Chrysler Corp. and United Auto Workers agreed to a new contract, ending a damaging 28-day engine-plant strike.
In 2002, authorities arrested 21-year-old college student Luke J. Helder in a series of rural mailbox bombings that left six people wounded in Illinois and Iowa. (Helder has since been found incompetent to stand trial.)
In the world
In 1915, nearly 1,200 people died when a German torpedo sank the British liner Lusitania off the Irish coast.
In 1945, Germany signed an unconditional surrender at Allied headquarters in Rheims, France.