In 1852, Vice President Charles Warren Fairbanks, whom Fairbanks was named after, was born in Ohio.
In 1912, work began on the Governor's Mansion in Juneau.
In 1929, the first legal boxing event in the territory of Alaska was held in Juneau. Previously, such boxing was illegal.
In 1943, American Army troops landed on Attu Island, beginning a fierce battle to recapture the island from the Japanese.
In 1972, U.S. Secretary of the Interior Rogers Morton decided to grant a right-of-way permit for construction of the 798-mile trans-Alaska oil pipeline, pending litigation by environmental groups.
In the nation
In 1858, Minnesota became the 32nd state of the union.
In 1910, Glacier National Park in Montana was established.
In 1973, charges against Daniel Ellsberg for his role in the "Pentagon Papers" case were dismissed by Judge William M. Byrne, who cited government misconduct.
In 1996, an Atlanta-bound ValuJet DC-9 caught fire shortly after takeoff from Miami and crashed into the Florida Everglades, killing all 110 people on board.
In 2000, Pope John Paul II named Bishop Edward M. Egan of Bridgeport, Conn., the new head of the New York archdiocese, succeeding the late Cardinal John O'Connor.
In the world
In 1944, Allied forces launched a major offensive against German lines in Italy.
In 1946, the first CARE packages arrived in Europe, at Le Havre, France.
In 1949, Israel was admitted to the United Nations as the world body's 59th member.
In 1985, 55 people died when a flash fire swept a jam-packed soccer stadium in Bradford, England.
In 1995, a United Nations conference indefinitely extended the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which was originally set to expire after 25 years.
In 2004, a video on an al-Qaida-linked Web site showed the beheading of American hostage Nicholas Berg, who'd been kidnapped in Iraq.