In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
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In 1912, work began on the Governor's Mansion in Juneau.
In 1929, American Army troops landed on Attu Island, beginning a fierce battle to recapture the island from the Japanese.
In 1972, U.S. Secretary of the Interior Rogers Morton decided to grant a right-of-way permit for construction of the 798-mile Trans-Alaska Pipeline, pending litigation by environmental groups.
In the nation
In 1858, Minnesota became the 32nd state of the Union.
In 1910, Glacier National Park in Montana was established.
In 1943, during World War II, U.S. forces landed on the Aleutian island of Attu, which was held by the Japanese; the Americans took the island 19 days later.
In 1973, charges against Daniel Ellsberg for his role in the "Pentagon Papers" case were dismissed by Judge William M. Byrne, who cited government misconduct.
In 1987, doctors in Baltimore transplanted the heart and lungs of an auto accident victim to a patient who gave up his own heart to another recipient. (Clinton House, the nation's first living heart donor, died 14 months later.)
In 1996, an Atlanta-bound ValuJet DC-9 caught fire shortly after takeoff from Miami and crashed into the Florida Everglades, killing all 110 people on board.
In 1997, the Deep Blue IBM computer demolished an overwhelmed Garry Kasparov and won the six-game chess match between man and machine in New York.
In 2006, lawmakers demanded answers after a USA Today report that the National Security Agency was secretly collecting records of millions of ordinary Americans' phone calls; President Bush sought to assure Americans their civil liberties were being "fiercely protected." A priest was convicted in Toledo, Ohio, of murdering a nun; the Rev. Gerald Robinson was immediately sentenced to 15 years to life in prison for the 1980 death of Sister Margaret Ann Pahl.
In the world
In 1502, Christopher Columbus left Cadiz, Spain, on his fourth and final trip to the Western Hemisphere.
In 1647, Peter Stuyvesant arrived in New Amsterdam to become governor of New Netherland.
In 1944, Allied forces launched a major offensive against German lines in Italy.
In 1946, the first CARE packages arrived in Europe, at Le Havre, France.