This Day in History

Posted: Friday, May 11, 2007

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

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In Alaska

• In 1912, work began on the Governor's Mansion in Juneau.

• In 1929, American Army troops landed on Attu Island, beginning a fierce battle to recapture the island from the Japanese.

• In 1972, U.S. Secretary of the Interior Rogers Morton decided to grant a right-of-way permit for construction of the 798-mile Trans-Alaska Pipeline, pending litigation by environmental groups.

In the nation

• In 1858, Minnesota became the 32nd state of the Union.

• In 1910, Glacier National Park in Montana was established.

• In 1943, during World War II, U.S. forces landed on the Aleutian island of Attu, which was held by the Japanese; the Americans took the island 19 days later.

• In 1973, charges against Daniel Ellsberg for his role in the "Pentagon Papers" case were dismissed by Judge William M. Byrne, who cited government misconduct.

• In 1987, doctors in Baltimore transplanted the heart and lungs of an auto accident victim to a patient who gave up his own heart to another recipient. (Clinton House, the nation's first living heart donor, died 14 months later.)

• In 1996, an Atlanta-bound ValuJet DC-9 caught fire shortly after takeoff from Miami and crashed into the Florida Everglades, killing all 110 people on board.

• In 1997, the Deep Blue IBM computer demolished an overwhelmed Garry Kasparov and won the six-game chess match between man and machine in New York.

• In 2006, lawmakers demanded answers after a USA Today report that the National Security Agency was secretly collecting records of millions of ordinary Americans' phone calls; President Bush sought to assure Americans their civil liberties were being "fiercely protected." A priest was convicted in Toledo, Ohio, of murdering a nun; the Rev. Gerald Robinson was immediately sentenced to 15 years to life in prison for the 1980 death of Sister Margaret Ann Pahl.

In the world

• In 1502, Christopher Columbus left Cadiz, Spain, on his fourth and final trip to the Western Hemisphere.

• In 1647, Peter Stuyvesant arrived in New Amsterdam to become governor of New Netherland.

• In 1944, Allied forces launched a major offensive against German lines in Italy.

• In 1946, the first CARE packages arrived in Europe, at Le Havre, France.

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