In 1930, Mike Gravel, U.S. Senator from 1969 to 1980, was born.
In 1962, the Mendenhall Glacier Visitor Center opened.
In the nation:
In 1607, the English colony at Jamestown, Va., was settled.
In 1985, a confrontation between Philadelphia authorities and the radical group MOVE ended as police dropped an explosive onto the group's headquarters; eleven people died.
In the world:
In 1846, the United States declared that a state of war already existed against Mexico.
In 1981, Pope John Paul II was shot and seriously wounded in St. Peter's Square.