In 1834, Sheldon Jackson, Alaskan educator, was born.
In 1901, the Nome Nugget, the state's oldest continuously published newspaper, was established as a semi-weekly.
In 1916, the Bank of Alaska opened its doors at Anchorage, later to become the National Bank of Alaska.
In 1949, the first radio beam air navigation system was put into operation in Ketchikan.
In the nation:
In 1980, the Mount St. Helens volcano in Washington state exploded, leaving 57 people dead or missing.
In 1896, the Supreme Court endorsed separate-but-equal racial segregation with its Plessy v. Ferguson decision, a ruling that was overturned 58 years later.
In 1897, a public reading of Bram Stoker's new novel, "Dracula, or, The Un-dead," was staged in London.
In 1926, evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson vanished while visiting a beach in Venice, Calif.; she reappeared a month later, claiming to have been kidnapped.
In 1933, the Tennessee Valley Authority was created.
In 1951, the United Nations moved out of its temporary headquarters in Lake Success, N.Y., for its permanent home in Manhattan.
In 1953, 50 years ago, Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to break the sound barrier as she piloted a North American F-86 Canadair over Rogers Dry Lake, Calif.
In 1969, astronauts Eugene A. Cernan, Thomas P. Stafford and John W. Young blasted off aboard Apollo Ten.
In 1998, the government filed a sweeping antitrust case against Microsoft Corp. The Supreme Court, in a sweeping endorsement of broadcasters' free-speech rights and journalistic discretion, ruled that even public stations owned and run by states need not invite marginal candidates to political debates they sponsor.