In 1834, Sheldon Jackson, Alaska educator, was born.
In 1901, the Nome Nugget, the state's oldest continuously published newspaper, was established as a semiweekly.
In 1916, the Bank of Alaska opened its doors at Anchorage, later to become the National Bank of Alaska.
In 1949, the first radio beam air navigation system was put into operation at Ketchikan.
In the nation
In 1896, the Supreme Court endorsed "separate but equal" racial segregation with its "Plessy v. Ferguson" decision, a ruling that was overturned 58 years later by "Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka."
In 1926, evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson vanished while visiting a beach in Venice, Calif.; she reappeared a month later, claiming to have been kidnapped.
In 1933, the Tennessee Valley Authority was created.
In 1953, Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to break the sound barrier as she piloted a North American F-86 Canadair over Rogers Dry Lake, Calif.
In 1969, astronauts Eugene A. Cernan, Thomas P. Stafford and John W. Young blasted off aboard Apollo 10.
In 1980, the Mount St. Helens volcano in Washington state exploded, leaving 57 people dead or missing.
In 1995, triumphant Republicans pushed a historic budget through the House that they said would wring an unprecedented $1.4 trillion dollars in savings from federal budgets over the next seven years.
In 2000, Sante Kimes and Kenneth Kimes, mother-and-son grifters, were convicted in New York of murdering Irene Silverman in a plot to steal her elegant townhouse mansion. (The body of the 82-year-old millionaire widow has never been found.)