In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
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In 1901, the Nome Nugget, the state's oldest continuously published newspaper, was established as a semiweekly.
In 1961, the Bank of Alaska opened its doors at Anchorage, later to become the National Bank of Alaska.
In 1949, the first radio beam air navigation system was put into operation at Ketchikan.
In the nation
In 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court endorsed "separate but equal" racial segregation with its Plessy v. Ferguson decision, a ruling that was overturned 58 years later by Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka.
In 1926, evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson vanished while visiting a beach in Venice, Calif.; she reappeared more than a month later, claiming to have been kidnapped.
In 1927, a schoolhouse in Bath, Mich., was blown up with explosives planted by local farmer Andrew Kehoe, who then set off a dynamite-laden automobile; the attacks killed 38 children and six adults, including Kehoe, who had earlier killed his wife.
In 1933, the Tennessee Valley Authority was created.
In 1953, Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to break the sound barrier as she piloted a North American F-86 Canadair over Rogers Dry Lake, Calif.
In 1967, Tennessee Gov. Buford Ellington signed a measure repealing the law against teaching evolution that was used to prosecute John T. Scopes in 1925.
In 1980, the Mount St. Helens volcano in Washington state exploded, leaving 57 people dead or missing.
In the world
In 1642, the Canadian city of Montreal was founded.
In 1804, the French Senate proclaimed Napoleon Bonaparte emperor.
In 2002, India and Pakistan exchanged fire across their shared border, renewing fears the countries were on the brink of nuclear war.