This Day in History

Posted: Friday, May 18, 2007

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

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In Alaska

• In 1901, the Nome Nugget, the state's oldest continuously published newspaper, was established as a semiweekly.

• In 1961, the Bank of Alaska opened its doors at Anchorage, later to become the National Bank of Alaska.

• In 1949, the first radio beam air navigation system was put into operation at Ketchikan.

In the nation

• In 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court endorsed "separate but equal" racial segregation with its Plessy v. Ferguson decision, a ruling that was overturned 58 years later by Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka.

• In 1926, evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson vanished while visiting a beach in Venice, Calif.; she reappeared more than a month later, claiming to have been kidnapped.

• In 1927, a schoolhouse in Bath, Mich., was blown up with explosives planted by local farmer Andrew Kehoe, who then set off a dynamite-laden automobile; the attacks killed 38 children and six adults, including Kehoe, who had earlier killed his wife.

• In 1933, the Tennessee Valley Authority was created.

• In 1953, Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to break the sound barrier as she piloted a North American F-86 Canadair over Rogers Dry Lake, Calif.

• In 1967, Tennessee Gov. Buford Ellington signed a measure repealing the law against teaching evolution that was used to prosecute John T. Scopes in 1925.

• In 1980, the Mount St. Helens volcano in Washington state exploded, leaving 57 people dead or missing.

In the world

• In 1642, the Canadian city of Montreal was founded.

• In 1804, the French Senate proclaimed Napoleon Bonaparte emperor.

• In 2002, India and Pakistan exchanged fire across their shared border, renewing fears the countries were on the brink of nuclear war.

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