In 1949, the American President Lines and the Alaska Road Commission met to discuss a proposed ferry system linking Prince Rupert, British Columbia, with Southeast Alaska.
In 1988, Gov. Steve Cowper announced cash incentives to encourage the use of minority- and women-owned businesses in the $300 million Bradley Lake Hydroelectric project.
In the nation
In 1643, delegates from four New England colonies met in Boston to form a confederation.
In 1906, the Federated Boys' Clubs, forerunner of the Boys' Clubs of America, were organized.
In 1958, the United States and Canada formally established the North American Air Defense Command.
In 1962, during a Democratic fundraiser at New York's Madison Square Garden, actress Marilyn Monroe performed a sultry rendition of "Happy Birthday to You" for guest-of-honor President Kennedy.
In 1964, the State Department disclosed that 40 hidden microphones had been found in the U.S. embassy in Moscow.
In 1992, the 27th Amendment to the Constitution, which prohibits Congress from giving itself mid-term pay raises, went into effect.
In 1995, the Senate voted, 99-0, to reject President Clinton's spending blueprint. NASA's administrator unveiled plans to slash thousands of aerospace jobs.
In 2004, Specialist Jeremy C. Sivits wept and apologized after receiving a year in prison and a bad conduct discharge in the first court-martial stemming from abuse of Iraqis at the Abu Ghraib prison. Outraged relatives of World Trade Center victims heckled former New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani during his appearance before the Sept. 11 commission.
In the world
In 1943, in an address to the U.S. Congress, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill pledged his country's full support in the war against Japan.
In 1967, the Soviet Union ratified a treaty with the United States and Britain banning nuclear weapons from outer space.
In 2000, China and the European Union reached a market-opening trade deal, clearing Beijing's largest remaining hurdle to joining the World Trade Organization. Masked gunmen launched a coup in Fiji that toppled Prime Minister Mahendra Chaudhry, the country's first ethnic Indian premier.
In 2004, two men hurled purple flour at British Prime Minister Tony Blair in the House of Commons. Manmohan Singh, a 71-year-old technocrat, was named India's new prime minister.