This Day in History

Posted: Friday, May 19, 2006

In Alaska

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• In 1949, the American President Lines and the Alaska Road Commission met to discuss a proposed ferry system linking Prince Rupert, British Columbia, with Southeast Alaska.

• In 1988, an Anchorage woman became the first fatality of the 1988 climbing season on Mount McKinley. Gov. Steve Cowper announced cash incentives to encourage the use of minority and women-owned businesses in the $300 million Bradley Lake hydroelectric project.

In the nation

• In 1643, delegates from four New England colonies met in Boston to form a confederation.

• In 1906, the Federated Boys' Clubs, forerunner of the Boys' Clubs of America, were organized.

• In 1943, in an address to the U.S. Congress, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill pledged his country's full support in the war against Japan.

• In 1962, during a Democratic fundraiser at New York's Madison Square Garden, actress Marilyn Monroe performed a sultry rendition of "Happy Birthday to You" for guest-of-honor President Kennedy.

• In 1964, the State Department disclosed that 40 hidden microphones had been found in the U.S. embassy in Moscow.

• In 1992, the 27th Amendment to the Constitution, which prohibits Congress from giving itself midterm pay raises, went into effect.

• In 2005, Republicans and Democrats tangled over President Bush's judicial nominees and the Senate's filibuster rules, with Democrats accusing Bush of trying to "rewrite the Constitution" and Republicans accusing Democrats of "unprecedented obstruction." "Revenge of the Sith," the final chapter of the "Star Wars" epic, opened.

• In 2001, Point Given won the Preakness as Kentucky Derby winner Monarchos finished out of the money.

In the world

• In 1536, Anne Boleyn, the second wife of England's King Henry VIII, was beheaded after being convicted of adultery.

• In 1958, the United States and Canada formally established the North American Air Defense Command.

• In 1967, the Soviet Union ratified a treaty with the United States and Britain banning nuclear weapons from outer space.

• In 1996, space shuttle Endeavour and its crew rocketed into orbit and quickly began preparing for the release of an inflatable antenna.

• In 2001, the Arab League called on Arab governments to sever political contacts with Israel until the Jewish state ended military action against Palestinians.

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