In 1778, Captain James Cook sighted and named Cape Elizabeth at the entrance to Cook Inlet.
In 1913, John F.A. Strong took office in Juneau as the second governor of the territory of Alaska.
In 1971, the ferry Malaspina, responding to a mayday signal, saved the lives of 70 people from seven nations aboard the Norwegian motor vessel, Meteor.
In the nation
In 1542, Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto died while searching for gold along the Mississippi River.
In 1832, the first Democratic National Convention got under way, in Baltimore.
In 1881, Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross.
In 1904, 100 years ago, jazz musician, singer and composer Thomas "Fats" Waller was born in New York City. He died in 1943 at the age of 39).
In 1999, Presidential friend and fund-raiser Yah Lin "Charlie" Trie pleaded guilty to campaign finance violations and agreed to cooperate in an investigation of illegal Asian donations to the Democrats. Susan Lucci won a Daytime Emmy Award for best actress on her 19th try.
In 2003, Christie Whitman resigned as Environmental Protection Agency administrator. Ruben Studdard edged Clay Aiken to win the second "American Idol" competition on Fox.
In the world
In 1840, New Zealand was declared a British colony.
In 1892, the opera "I Pagliacci," by Ruggiero Leoncavallo, was first performed, in Milan, Italy.
In 1927, Charles A. Lindbergh landed his Spirit of St. Louis near Paris, completing the first solo airplane flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
In 1956, the United States exploded the first airborne hydrogen bomb over Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.
In 1968, the nuclear-powered U.S. submarine Scorpion, with 99 men aboard, was last heard from. The remains of the sub were later found on the ocean floor 400 miles southwest of the Azores.
In 1991, former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated during national elections by a suicide bomber.