In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
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In 1778, Capt. James Cook sighted and named Cape Elizabeth at the entrance to Cook Inlet.
In 1913, John F.A. Strong took office in Juneau as the second governor of the territory of Alaska.
In 1971, the state ferry Malaspina, responding to a mayday signal, saved the lives of 70 people from seven nations aboard the Norwegian motor vessel Meteor.
In the nation
In 1832, the first Democratic National Convention got under way in Baltimore.
In 1861, the Confederate Congress, meeting in Montgomery, Ala., voted to move the capital of the Confederacy from Montgomery to Richmond, Va.
In 1881, Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross.
In 1924, 14-year-old Bobby Franks was murdered in a "thrill killing" committed by Nathan Leopold Jr. and Richard Loeb, two students at the University of Chicago.
In 1979, former San Francisco City Supervisor Dan White was convicted of voluntary manslaughter in the slayings of Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk.
In 1982, during the Falklands War, British amphibious forces landed on the beach at San Carlos Bay.
In 1997, prosecutors at the Oklahoma City bombing trial of Timothy McVeigh rested their case.
In 2002, President Bush warned that al-Qaida terrorists still "want to hurt us," while his Pentagon chief, Donald Rumsfeld, said terrorists inevitably will acquire weapons of mass destruction from countries like Iraq, Iran or North Korea.
In 2006, Anthony Bell of Baton Rouge, La., was arrested after allegedly shooting to death four in-laws at a church and his wife in another location.
In the world
In 1542, Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto died while searching for gold along the Mississippi River.
In 1840, New Zealand was declared a British colony.
In 1892, the opera "Pagliacci," by Ruggero Leoncavallo, was first performed, in Milan, Italy.
In 1927, Charles A. Lindbergh landed his Spirit of St. Louis near Paris, completing the first solo airplane flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
In 1956, the U.S. exploded the first airborne hydrogen bomb over Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.
In 1997, the space shuttle Atlantis undocked from the Russian Mir space station.
In 2006, Iraq's new prime minister, Nouri al-Maliki, promised to use "maximum force" if necessary to end the brutal insurgent and sectarian violence racking his country.