This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, May 23, 2007

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

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In Alaska

• In 1877, the Army issued general orders to withdraw all troops from Alaska.

• In 1902, underwater prospector W.A. Boyce was trapped in a 2,000-pound diving bell for a half hour. While being lowered, the derrick toppled over and the bell's air valve snapped. Boyce was rescued and vowed to dive again.

In the nation

• In 1788, South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the United States Constitution.

• In 1934, bank robbers Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker were shot to death in a police ambush in Bienville Parish, La.

• In 1977, the Supreme Court refused to hear the appeals of former Nixon White House aides H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman and former Attorney General John N. Mitchell in connection with their Watergate convictions.

• In 1994, funeral services were held at Arlington National Cemetery for former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis.

• In 1997, the defense at the Oklahoma City bombing trial suffered an embarrassing setback when one of its own witnesses provided testimony potentially damaging to defendant Timothy McVeigh. The Senate decisively approved a carefully constructed deal to balance the budget and cut taxes.

• In 2006, ABC appointed Charles Gibson to replace Elizabeth Vargas as anchor of its "World News Tonight" evening newscast.

In the world

• In 1533, the marriage of England's King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon was declared null and void.

• In 1701, Captain William Kidd was hanged in London after he was convicted of piracy and murder.

• In 1944, during World War II, Allied forces bogged down in Anzio began a major breakout offensive.

• In 1960, Israel announced it had captured former Nazi official Adolf Eichmann in Argentina. (Eichmann was tried in Israel, found guilty of crimes against humanity, and hanged in 1962.)

• In 1997, Iranians elected a moderate president, Mohammad Khatami, over hard-liners in the ruling Muslim clergy.

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