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In 1885, the Juneau Public School System began as a one-teacher, one-room school.
In 1901, the Nome Daily News reported that Nome's first great fire erupted after a worker absentmindedly dropped a match into a pile of old wallpaper. The blaze destroyed eight blocks of the town. Firefighters were frustrated by ice in the hoses.
In 1917, headquarters of the Alaska Road Commission were ordered transferred from Skagway to Juneau.
In 1948, the Shemya Army Post was activated with 242 officers (236 men and seven women) and 4,565 enlisted men.
In 1979, four straining dogs and five climbers reached the top of Mount McKinley at 4 p.m., achieving the first dog team assault on the 20,320-foot peak, after spending six weeks on the mountain.
In the nation
In 1765, Patrick Henry denounced the Stamp Act before Virginia's House of Burgesses. Responding to a cry of "Treason!" Henry declared, "If this be treason, make the most of it!"
In 1790, Rhode Island became the 13th original colony to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
In 1848, Wisconsin became the 30th state of the union.
In 1932, World War I veterans began arriving in Washington to demand cash bonuses they weren't scheduled to receive for another 13 years.
In 2001, four followers of Osama bin Laden were convicted in New York of a global conspiracy to murder Americans, including the 1998 bombings of two U.S. embassies in Africa that killed 224 people. President Bush, meeting in Los Angeles with California Gov. Gray Davis, rejected a plea for federal caps on soaring electricity bills.
The Supreme Court ruled that disabled golfer Casey Martin could use a cart to ride in tournaments.
In 2005, in a deadly rampage at two farmhouses in Bellefontaine, Ohio, 18-year-old Scott Moody shot his grandparents, his mother and two friends before turning the gun on himself. Dan Wheldon won the Indianapolis 500 as Danica Patrick's electrifying run fell short (she finished fourth).
In the world
In 1953, Mount Everest was conquered as Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tensing Norkay of Nepal became the first climbers to reach the summit.
In 1985, 35 people were killed in rioting that erupted between British and Italian spectators at the European Cup soccer final in Brussels, Belgium.
In 1996, Israelis went to the polls for an election that resulted in a narrow victory for opposition leader Benjamin Netanyahu over Prime Minister Shimon Peres.
In 2005, French voters soundly rejected the European Union's proposed constitution, which was also defeated by the Dutch days later.