This Day in History

Posted: Friday, May 30, 2003

In Alaska

• In 1778, Captain James Cook discovered Turnagain Arm while looking for the Northwest Passage.

• In 1899, the Harriman Scientific Expedition left Seattle for Alaska.

• In 1943, American forces secured the Aleutian island of Attu from the Japanese during World War II.

In the nation

• In 1539, Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto landed in Florida.

• In 1854, the territories of Nebraska and Kansas were established.

• In 1883, 12 people were trampled to death when a rumor that the recently opened Brooklyn Bridge was in imminent danger of collapsing triggered a stampede.

• In 1922, the Lincoln Memorial was dedicated in Washington, by Chief Justice William Howard Taft.

• In 1958, unidentified soldiers killed in World War II and the Korean conflict were buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

• In 1971, the American space probe Mariner Nine blasted off from Cape Kennedy, Florida, on a journey to Mars.

• In 1993, Emerson Fittipaldi won the 77th Indianapolis 500, driving at an average speed of 157.207 mph.

• In 2002, A solemn, wordless ceremony marked the end of the agonizing cleanup at Ground Zero in New York, 8 1/2 months after September 11. Nine climbers fell into a crevasse near the summit of Oregon's Mount Hood; three died.

In the world

• In 1431, Joan of Arc, condemned as a heretic, was burned at the stake in Rouen, France.

• In 1982, Spain became NATO's 16th member.

• In 1996, Britain's Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson were granted an uncontested decree ending their 10-year marriage.

• In 1998, Northern Afghanistan was rocked by a powerful earthquake believed to have killed up to 5,000 people. Pakistan set off another nuclear blast.

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