This Day in History

Posted: Monday, May 30, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1778, Captain James Cook discovered Turnagain Arm while looking for the Northwest Passage.

• In 1899, the Harriman Scientific Expedition left Seattle for Alaska.

• In 1979, U.S. Representative Don Young, speaking in Fairbanks, suggested a way of showing the state's displeasure in the House-passed "d-2" bill. "How long could the IRS and other Federal buildings last at 60 degrees below zero if no water, lights, or power were supplied by the municipality?"

In the nation

• In 1854, the territories of Nebraska and Kansas were established.

• In 1883, 12 people were trampled to death when a rumor that the recently opened Brooklyn Bridge was in imminent danger of collapsing triggered a stampede.

• In 1911, Indianapolis saw its first long-distance auto race; Ray Harroun was the winner.

• In 1922, the Lincoln Memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C., by Chief Justice William Howard Taft.

• In 1958, unidentified soldiers killed in World War II and the Korean conflict were buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

• In 1971, the American space probe Mariner Nine blasted off from Cape Kennedy, Fla., on a journey to Mars.

• In 2000, President Clinton arrived in Portugal as he opened a weeklong visit to Europe.

In the world

• In 1431, Joan of Arc, condemned as a heretic, was burned at the stake in Rouen, France.

• In 1539, Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto landed in Florida.

• In 1943, American forces secured the Aleutian island of Attu from the Japanese during World War II.

• In 1982, Spain became NATO's 16th member.

• In 1995, in a letter to U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic demanded guarantees of no further NATO air attacks and de facto recognition of a self-styled Serb state.

• In 2004, Saudi commandos drove al-Qaida militants from a housing complex in the kingdom's oil hub, ending a shooting and hostage-taking spree that had left 22 dead, most of them foreigners. Gunmen in Pakistan killed senior pro-Taliban Sunni cleric Mufti Nizamuddin Shamzai, sparking riots. Ousted Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide left Jamaica for South Africa, saying it would be his "temporary home" until he could return to Haiti.

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