In Alaska and in the Nation
In 1778, Capt. James Cook discovered Turnagain Arm while looking for the Northwest Passage.
In 1899, the Harriman Scientific Expedition left Seattle for Alaska.
In 1979, U.S. Rep. Don Young, speaking in Fairbanks, suggested a way of showing the state's displeasure in the House-passed "d-2" bill. "How long could the IRS and other Federal buildings last at 60 degrees below zero if no water, lights, or power were supplied by the municipality?"
In the nation
In 1854, the territories of Nebraska and Kansas were established.
In 1883, 12 people were trampled to death when a rumor that the recently opened Brooklyn Bridge was in imminent danger of collapsing triggered a stampede.
In 1911, Indianapolis saw its first long-distance auto race; Ray Harroun was the winner.
In 1922, the Lincoln Memorial was dedicated in Washington by President Harding, Chief Justice William Howard Taft and Robert Todd Lincoln.
In 1937, 10 people were killed when police fired on steelworkers demonstrating near the Republic Steel plant in south Chicago.
In 1958, unidentified American service members killed in World War II and the Korean War were interred in the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery.
In 1971, the American space probe Mariner 9 blasted off from Cape Kennedy, Fla., on a journey to Mars.
In 1986, 21 elderly passengers were killed when a tour bus went out of control on a mountain road and plunged into the Walker River near the California-Nevada border.
In 1998, a tornado tore through Spencer, S.D., killing six people.
In 2003, President Bush left for a weeklong tour of Europe and the Middle East.