This Day in History

Posted: Wednesday, May 31, 2006

In Alaska

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• In 1935, radio station KINY-AM went on the air at 7:30 p.m. - and was Juneau's only broadcast station for more than 10 years.

• In 1977, the final weld on the Trans-Alaska Pipeline was completed. It was three years in the making.

In the nation

• In 1889, more than 2,000 people perished when a dam break sent water rushing through Johnstown, Pa.

• In 1994, the United States announced it was no longer aiming long-range nuclear missiles at targets in the former Soviet Union.

• In 2001, veteran FBI agent Robert Hanssen pleaded innocent to charges of spying for Moscow. He later changed his plea to guilty and was sentenced to life in prison.

• In 2005, oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky, once Russia's richest man, was convicted of charges, including fraud and tax evasion, and sentenced to nine years in prison.

In the world

• In 1910, the Union of South Africa was founded.

• In 1916, during World War I, British and German fleets fought the naval Battle of Jutland off Denmark; there was no clear-cut victor, although the British suffered heavier losses.

• In 1961, South Africa became an independent republic.

• In 1962, World War II Gestapo official Adolf Eichmann was hanged in Israel for his role in the Nazi Holocaust.

• In 1970, tens of thousands of people died in an earthquake in Peru.

• In 1996, Benjamin Netanyahu claimed victory in Israel's election for prime minister, defeating incumbent Shimon Peres by nine-tenths of 1 percent.

• In 2005, breaking a silence of 30 years, former FBI official W. Mark Felt stepped forward as "Deep Throat," the secret Washington Post source that helped bring down President Nixon during the Watergate scandal. President Bush, faced with a string of setbacks on Capitol Hill, shrugged off questions about his political clout and promised to keep pushing for a Social Security overhaul.

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