This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, June 01, 2003

In Alaska

• In 1904, The first two high school graduates in Alaska received their diplomas in Juneau.

• In 1925, The Sitka National Cemetery was established by executive order of President Calvin Coolidge.

• In 1939, The U.S. Marshall seized seven slot machines in a raid on The Fisherman's Club in Anchorage. Under the 1912 Alaska Organic Act, gambling devices were subject to seizure and destruction. (The First Organic Act was passed in 1884 by the U.S. Congress, creating the District of Alaska.)

In the nation

• In 1792, Kentucky became the 15th state of the union.

• In 1796, Tennessee became the 16th state.

• In 1801, Mormon leader Brigham Young was born in Whitingham, Vt.

• In 1813, the commander of the U.S. frigate Chesapeake, Captain James Lawrence, said, "Don't give up the ship" during a losing battle with a British frigate.

• In 1868, James Buchanan, the 15th president of the United States, died near Lancaster, Pa.

• In 1909, The Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opened on what is now the University of Washington campus in Seattle.

• In 1926, actress Marilyn Monroe was born in Los Angeles.

• In 1959, Key components of Alaska's first nuclear power plant - including the reactor vessel - were loaded onto the freighter, Chena, in Seattle. The reactor was scheduled to be installed in Fort Greely.

• In 1967, the Beatles released their album, "Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band."

• In 1980, Cable News Network made its debut.

• In 1998, President Clinton abruptly abandoned his claim of executive privilege in the Monica Lewinsky investigation, reducing the prospect of a quick Supreme Court review of a dispute over the testimony of presidential aides.

• In 2002, President Bush told West Point graduates the United States would strike pre-emptively against suspected terrorists if necessary to deter attacks on Americans, saying "the war on terror will not be won on the defensive."

In the world

• In 1943, a civilian flight from Lisbon to London was shot down by the Germans during World War II, killing all aboard, including actor Leslie Howard.

• In 1958, Charles de Gaulle became premier of France.

• In 1977, the Soviet Union formally charged Jewish human rights activist Anatoly Shcharansky with treason. Shcharansky was imprisoned, then released in 1986.

• In 1993, A mortar attack on a holiday soccer game in a suburb of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, killed at least 15 people and wounded more than 80. The Supreme Court ruled that a criminal conviction must be overturned if the jury was given a constitutionally flawed definition of "beyond reasonable doubt."

• In 1998, Thousands of refugees from Serbia's Kosovo province streamed into neighboring Albania to escape deadly fighting.

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