This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, June 01, 2004

In Alaska

• In 1904, the first two high school graduates in Alaska received their diplomas in Juneau.

• In 1925, the Sitka National Cemetery was established by executive order of President Calvin Coolidge.

• In 1939, the U.S. Marshall seized seven slot machines in a raid on The Fisherman's Club in Anchorage. Under the 1912 Alaska Organic Act, gambling devices were subject to seizure and destruction. The First Organic Act was passed in 1884 by the U.S. Congress, creating the District of Alaska.

In the nation

• In 1792, Kentucky became the 15th state of the union.

• In 1796, Tennessee became the 16th state.

• In 1801, Mormon leader Brigham Young was born in Whitingham, Vt.

• In 1868, James Buchanan, the 15th president of the United States, died near Lancaster, Pa.

• In 1926, actress Marilyn Monroe was born in Los Angeles.

• In 1989, former Sunday school teacher John E. List, sought for 18 years in the slayings of his mother, wife and three children in Westfield, N.J., was arrested in Richmond, Va. List was later sentenced to life in prison.

• In 1999, an American Airlines MD-82 landed off-center during a severe thunderstorm in Little Rock, Ark., and barreled off the end of the runway, breaking apart and catching fire. Eleven people, including the captain, died. President Clinton ordered a government investigation into whether - and how - the entertainment business markets violence to children. In a report released in September 2000, federal regulators said the movie, video game and music industries aggressively marketed to underage youths violent products that carried adult ratings.

In the world

• In 1943, a civilian flight from Lisbon to London was shot down by the Germans during World War II, killing all aboard, including actor Leslie Howard.

• In 1944, the British Broadcasting Corporation aired a coded message intended to warn the French resistance that the D-Day invasion was imminent.

• In 1958, Charles de Gaulle became premier of France.

• In 1977, the Soviet Union formally charged Jewish human rights activist Anatoly Shcharansky with treason. Shcharansky was imprisoned, then released in 1986.

• In 1994, President Clinton embarked on a European trip that included commemorating the 50th anniversary of D-Day. His first stop was Italy.

• In 2003, leaders of the world's seven wealthiest nations and Russia pledged billions of dollars to fight AIDS and hunger on the opening day of their summit in Evian, France.

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