This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, June 05, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1915, the first issue of The Anchorage Times was published.

• In 1917, the cornerstone was laid for the Juneau School Building, which later became the community college. The site is now a playground.

• In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge signed a federal highway construction bill that included $130,000 for Alaska.

• In 1939, the U.S. Army notified the U.S. Land Office of the withdrawal of a 144-square-mile tract northwest of Anchorage up to Eagle River as a military reservation.

• In 1958, singer Bing Crosby and bandleader Phil Harris visited Ketchikan while on a cruise of Southeast Alaska.

• In 1964, the Bureau of Land Management announced that 17,000 applications had been received for oil and gas leases on the North Slope.

In the nation

• In 1794, Congress passed the Neutrality Act, which prohibited Americans from enlisting in the service of a foreign power.

• In 1917, about 10 million American men began registering for the draft in World War I.

• In 1933, the United States went off the gold standard.

• In 1947, Secretary of State George C. Marshall gave a speech at Harvard University in which he outlined an aid program for Europe that came to be known as the Marshall Plan.

• In 1968, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy was assassinated after claiming victory in California's Democratic presidential primary. Gunman Sirhan Bishara Sirhan was immediately arrested.

• In 1981, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that five homosexuals in Los Angeles had come down with a rare kind of pneumonia; they were the first recognized cases of what later became known as AIDS.

• In 1995, Allison, a minimal hurricane, buffeted the Gulf Coast with 75 mph winds, swamping streets and spinning off tornadoes but causing no major damage.

• In 2000, President Clinton visited the former Soviet republic of Ukraine, the last stop in his week-long European tour, where he dispensed $80 million in American aid to help entomb the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, scene of the world's worst nuclear accident.

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