This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, June 05, 2007

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

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In Alaska

• In 1915, the first issue of The Anchorage Times was published.

• In 1917, the cornerstone was laid for the Juneau School Building, which later became the community college. The site is now a playground.

• In 1958, singer Bing Crosby and bandleader Phil Harris visited Ketchikan while on a cruise of Southeast Alaska.

• In 1964, the Bureau of Land Management announced that 17,000 applications had been received by the close of the application period for oil and gas leases on the North Slope.

In the nation

• In 1884, Civil War hero Gen. William T. Sherman refused the Republican presidential nomination, saying, "I will not accept if nominated and will not serve if elected."

• In 1917, about 10 million American men began registering for the draft in World War I.

• In 1933, the United States went off the gold standard.

• In 1947, Secretary of State George C. Marshall gave a speech at Harvard University in which he outlined an aid program for Europe that came to be known as "The Marshall Plan."

• In 1968, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy was assassinated in Los Angeles' Ambassador Hotel after claiming victory in California's Democratic presidential primary. Gunman Sirhan Bishara Sirhan was immediately arrested.

• In 1981, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that five homosexuals in Los Angeles had come down with a rare kind of pneumonia; they were the first recognized cases of what later became known as AIDS.

• In 1986, a federal jury in Baltimore convicted Ronald W. Pelton of selling secrets to the Soviet Union. (Pelton was sentenced to three life prison terms plus 10 years.)

• In 1997, Harold J. Nicholson, the highest ranking CIA officer ever caught spying against his own country, was sentenced to more than 23 years in prison for selling defense secrets to Russia after the Cold War.

• In 2002, 14-year-old Elizabeth Smart disappeared from her Salt Lake City home. (Smart was found alive in a Salt Lake suburb in March 2003; two people accused of abducting her have been found mentally unfit to stand trial.) Magic Johnson was introduced as a member of the 2002 class elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.

• In 2006, more than 50 National Guardsmen from Utah became the first unit to work along the U.S.-Mexico border as part of President Bush's crackdown on illegal immigration.

In the world

• In 1940, during the World War II Battle of France, Germany attacked French forces along the Somme line.

• In 1967, war erupted in the Middle East as Israel raided military aircraft parked on the ground in Egypt; Syria, Jordan and Iraq entered the conflict.

• In 1976, 14 people were killed when the Teton Dam in Idaho burst.

• In 2002, a suicide bomber killed 17 Israelis on a bus.

• In 2006, an Islamic militia with alleged links to al-Qaida seized Somalia's capital, Mogadishu, after weeks of fighting with U.S.-backed secular warlords. Serbian lawmakers proclaimed their Balkan republic a sovereign state after Montenegro decided to split from a union and dissolve the remnants of what was once Yugoslavia.

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