This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, June 05, 2008

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

In Alaska

• In 1915, the first issue of The Anchorage Times was published.

• In 1917, the cornerstone was laid for the Juneau School Building which later became the community college. The site is now a playground.

• In 1939, the U.S. Army notified the U.S. Land Office of the withdrawal of a 144 square mile tract northwest of Anchorage up to Eagle River as a military reservation.

• In 1924, President Calvin Coolidge signed a Federal Highway Construction Bill that included $130,000 for Alaska.

• In 1958, singer Bing Crosby and bandleader Phil Harris visited Ketchikan while on a cruise of Southeast Alaska.

• In 1964, the Bureau of Land Management announced that 17,000 applications had been received by the close of the application period for oil and gas leases on the North Slope.

In the nation

• In 1884, Civil War hero Gen. William T. Sherman refused the Republican presidential nomination, saying, "I will not accept if nominated and will not serve if elected."

• In 1917, about 10 million American men began registering for the draft in World War I.

• In 1933, the United States went off the gold standard.

• In 1947, Secretary of State George C. Marshall gave a speech at Harvard University in which he outlined an aid program for Europe that came to be known as "The Marshall Plan."

• In 1968, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy was assassinated in Los Angeles' Ambassador Hotel after claiming victory in California's Democratic presidential primary. Gunman Sirhan Bishara Sirhan was immediately arrested.

• In 1976, 14 people were killed when the Teton Dam in Idaho burst.

• In 1981, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that five homosexuals in Los Angeles had come down with a rare kind of pneumonia; they were the first recognized cases of what later became known as AIDS.

• In 1998, a strike at a General Motors parts factory near Detroit closed five assembly plants and idled workers nationwide; the walkout lasted seven weeks. Volkswagen AG won approval to buy Rolls-Royce Motor Cars for $700 million. (However, BMW later got to purchase the Rolls-Royce brand name and logo.)

• In 2003, the United States agreed to pull its ground troops away from the Demilitarized Zone separating North and South Korea. The New York Times' top two editors resigned in the wake of the Jayson Blair scandal.

• In 2007, Vice President Dick Cheney's former chief of staff, I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, was sentenced to two-and-a-half years in prison for lying and obstructing the CIA leak investigation. (President Bush later commuted the prison sentence.)

In the world

• In 1940, during the World War II Battle of France, Germany attacked French forces along the Somme line.

• In 1967, war erupted in the Mideast as Israel raided military aircraft parked on the ground in Egypt; Syria, Jordan and Iraq entered the conflict.

• In 2003, speaking to American soldiers in Qatar, President Bush argued the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq was justified and pledged that "we'll reveal the truth" on Saddam Hussein's weapons of mass destruction.

• In 2007, a fourth suspect in an alleged plot to destroy New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport surrendered to police in Trinidad.

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