This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, June 06, 2004

In Alaska

• In 1900, the Act of June 6, 1900, providing for a Civil Code for Alaska, amending the Organic Act of 1884, which established the seat of government for the District of Alaska at Juneau.

• In 1912, Mount Katmai on the Alaska Peninsula erupted, covering Kodiak and a number of smaller villages with ashes.

• In 1914, a government survey party arrived at Ship Creek to begin a survey for a railroad to Fairbanks.

• In 1947, Barbara Washburn became the first woman to reach the summit of Mount McKinley.

• In 1970, an Alaska Airlines 707 jet departed for Khabarovsk on the airline's inaugural Siberian tour.

In the nation

• In 1925, Walter Percy Chrysler founded the Chrysler Corp.

• In 1933, the first drive-in movie theater opened, in Camden, N.J.

• In 1934, the Securities and Exchange Commission was established.

• In 1966, black activist James Meredith was shot and wounded as he walked along a Mississippi highway to encourage black voter registration.

• In 1968, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy died at Good Samaritan Hospital in Los Angeles, a day after he was shot by Sirhan Bishara Sirhan.

• In 1978, California voters overwhelmingly approved Proposition 13, a primary ballot initiative calling for major cuts in property taxes.

• In 1999, the space shuttle Discovery returned from a 10-day mission that included a visit to the international space station. At the Tony Awards, Arthur Miller's "Death of a Salesman" was named best revival; "Side Man" won best play; "Fosse" was awarded best musical.

• In 2003, the government reported the U.S. unemployment rate had hit a nine-year high of 6.1 percent the previous month. Already the holder of U.S. rights to the Olympics through 2008, NBC secured the contracts for the 2010 and 2012 games for $2.2 billion.

In the world

• In 1844, the Young Men's Christian Association was founded in London.

• In 1918, the World War I Battle of Belleau Wood, which resulted in a U.S. victory over the Germans, began in France.

• In 1942, Japanese forces retreated in the World War II Battle of Midway.

• In 1944, the D-Day invasion of Europe took place during World War II as Allied forces stormed the beaches of Normandy, France.

• In 1984, government forces in India stormed the Golden Temple in Amritsar in an effort to crush Sikh extremists. At least 1,000 Sikhs and 200 soldiers were killed.

• In 1994, President Clinton joined leaders from America's World War II allies to mark the 50th anniversary of the D-Day invasion of Normandy. A Chinese passenger jet crashed, killing all 160 people on board.

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