In 1935, Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in Akron, Ohio.
In 1964, the Senate voted to limit further debate on a proposed civil rights bill, shutting off a filibuster by Southern states.
In 1977, James Earl Ray, the convicted assassin of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., escaped from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Tennessee with six others; he was recaptured June 13.
In 1982, the play "Torch Song Trilogy," by Harvey Fierstein, opened on Broadway.
In 1985, socialite Claus von Bulow was acquitted by a jury in Providence, R.I., at his retrial on charges he'd tried to murder his heiress wife, Martha "Sunny" von Bulow.
In 1998, a jury in Jacksonville, Fla., ordered Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. to pay nearly $1 million to the family of Roland Maddox, who had died after smoking Lucky Strikes for nearly 50 years. (However, a Florida appeals court later overturned the verdict.)
In 2003, a rocket holding the first of two Mars rovers, Spirit, blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Fla. (Spirit arrived on Mars in January 2004.)
In 1865, the Richard Wagner opera "Tristan und Isolde" premiered in Munich, Germany.
In 1907, 11 men in five cars set out from the French embassy in Beijing on a race to Paris. (Prince Scipione Borghese of Italy was the first to arrive in the French capital two months later.)
In 1940, Italy declared war on France and Britain; Canada declared war on Italy.
In 1942, the Gestapo massacred 173 male residents of Lidice, Czechoslovakia, in retaliation for the killing of a Nazi official.
In 1967, the Middle East War ended as Israel and Syria agreed to observe a United Nations-mediated cease-fire.
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