In 1887, a burro pack train, the first in Alaska, made its first trip to Silverbow Basin near Juneau to bring out gold ore.
In 1939, two Army helicopters set an unofficial altitude record by landing on and taking off from Mt. Sanford, 16,237 feet high.
In 1979, tanker number 1000, the SS ARCO Heritage, sailed from Valdez.
In 1988, a group of 82 natives, politicians and members of the press made the 45-minute flight from Nome to Provideniya on Friendship Flight One. The flight across the Bering Strait to Siberia was to establish family ties and open up the gateway for a regular flight for tourists.
In the nation
In 1888, Congress created the Department of Labor.
In 1927, aviation hero Charles Lindbergh was honored with a ticker-tape parade in New York City.
In 1935, James Braddock claimed the title of world heavyweight boxing champion from Max Baer in a 15-round fight in Long Island City, N.Y.
In 1942, President Roosevelt created the Office of War Information and appointed radio news commentator Elmer Davis to be its head.
In 1966, the Supreme Court issued its landmark Miranda decision, ruling that criminal suspects had to be informed of their constitutional rights prior to questioning by police.
In 1967, President Johnson nominated Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
In 1971, the New York Times began publishing the Pentagon Papers, a secret study of America's involvement in Vietnam.
In 1977, James Earl Ray, the convicted assassin of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., was recaptured following his escape three days earlier from a Tennessee prison.
In 1983, the U.S. space probe Pioneer 10, launched in 1972, became the first spacecraft to leave the solar system as it crossed the orbit of Neptune.
In 1995, President Clinton proposed a 10-year plan for balancing the federal budget, saying in a televised address his proposal would cut spending by $1.1 trillion.
In 2004, Annika Sorenstam won the LPGA Championship for the second straight year.
In the world
In 1900, China's Boxer Rebellion targeting foreigners, as well as Chinese Christians, erupted into full-scale violence.
In 1944, Germany began launching flying-bomb attacks against Britain during World War II.
In 1995, France announced it would abandon its 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing and conduct eight more tests between September and May.
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