This Day in History

Posted: Monday, June 13, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1887, a burro pack train, the first in Alaska, made its first trip to Silverbow Basin near Juneau to bring out gold ore.

• In 1939, two Army helicopters set an unofficial altitude record by landing on and taking off from Mt. Sanford, 16,237 feet high.

• In 1979, tanker number 1000, the SS ARCO Heritage, sailed from Valdez.

• In 1988, a group of 82 natives, politicians and members of the press made the 45-minute flight from Nome to Provideniya on Friendship Flight One. The flight across the Bering Strait to Siberia was to establish family ties and open up the gateway for a regular flight for tourists.

In the nation

• In 1888, Congress created the Department of Labor.

• In 1927, aviation hero Charles Lindbergh was honored with a ticker-tape parade in New York City.

• In 1935, James Braddock claimed the title of world heavyweight boxing champion from Max Baer in a 15-round fight in Long Island City, N.Y.

• In 1942, President Roosevelt created the Office of War Information and appointed radio news commentator Elmer Davis to be its head.

• In 1966, the Supreme Court issued its landmark Miranda decision, ruling that criminal suspects had to be informed of their constitutional rights prior to questioning by police.

• In 1967, President Johnson nominated Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.

• In 1971, the New York Times began publishing the Pentagon Papers, a secret study of America's involvement in Vietnam.

• In 1977, James Earl Ray, the convicted assassin of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., was recaptured following his escape three days earlier from a Tennessee prison.

• In 1983, the U.S. space probe Pioneer 10, launched in 1972, became the first spacecraft to leave the solar system as it crossed the orbit of Neptune.

• In 1995, President Clinton proposed a 10-year plan for balancing the federal budget, saying in a televised address his proposal would cut spending by $1.1 trillion.

• In 2004, Annika Sorenstam won the LPGA Championship for the second straight year.

In the world

• In 1900, China's Boxer Rebellion targeting foreigners, as well as Chinese Christians, erupted into full-scale violence.

• In 1944, Germany began launching flying-bomb attacks against Britain during World War II.

• In 1995, France announced it would abandon its 1992 moratorium on nuclear testing and conduct eight more tests between September and May.

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