This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, June 13, 2006

In Alaska

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• In 1887, a burro pack train, the first in Alaska, made its first trip to Silver Bow Basin near Juneau to bring out gold.

• In 1939, two Army helicopters set an unofficial altitude record by landing on and taking off from Mount Sanford, 16,237 feet high.

• In 1979, tanker number 1,000, the SS ARCO Heritage, sailed from Valdez.

• In 1988, a group of 82 natives, politicians and members of the press made the 45-minute flight from Nome to Provideniya on Friendship Flight One. The flight across the Bering Strait to Siberia was to establish family ties and open up the gateway for a regular flight for tourists.

In the nation

• In 1888, Congress created the Department of Labor.

• In 1927, aviation hero Charles Lindbergh was honored with a ticker-tape parade in New York City.

• In 1935, James Braddock claimed the title of world heavyweight boxing champion from Max Baer in a 15-round fight in Long Island City, N.Y.

• In 1966, the Supreme Court issued its landmark "Miranda" decision, ruling that criminal suspects had to be informed of their constitutional rights prior to questioning by police.

• In 1967, President Johnson nominated Solicitor General Thurgood Marshall to become the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.

• In 1971, The New York Times began publishing the Pentagon Papers, a secret study of America's involvement in Vietnam.

• In 1996, the 81-day-old Freemen standoff ended as 16 remaining members of the anti-government group surrendered to the FBI and left their Montana ranch. The Supreme Court placed greater limits on congressional districts intentionally drawn to get more minorities elected to Congress.

• In 2005, a jury in Santa Maria, Calif., acquitted Michael Jackson of molesting a 13-year-old cancer survivor at his Neverland ranch. The Supreme Court warned prosecutors to use care in striking minorities from juries, siding with black murder suspects in Texas and California who contended their juries had been unfairly stacked with whites. The Senate apologized for blocking anti-lynching legislation in the early 20th century, when mob violence against blacks was commonplace.

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