This Day in History

Posted: Monday, June 14, 2004

In Alaska

• In 1877, U. S. Army troops at Sitka and Wrangell bid farewell to Alaska and sailed south.

• In 1940, Pan American Airways inaugurated Clipper Service between Seattle, Ketchikan and Juneau.

• In 1944, most of the town of Hoonah was destroyed by fire.

In the nation

• In 1775, the United States Army was founded.

• In 1777, the Continental Congress in Philadelphia adopted the Stars and Stripes as the national flag.

• In 1846, a group of U.S. settlers in Sonoma proclaimed the Republic of California.

• In 1928, the Republican National Convention nominated Herbert Hoover for president on the first ballot.

• In 1943, the Supreme Court ruled schoolchildren could not be compelled to salute the flag of the United States if doing so conflicted with their religious beliefs.

• In 1954, 50 years ago, President Eisenhower signed an order adding the words "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance.

• In 1993, President Clinton chose Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg to serve on the Supreme Court.

• In 1994, President Clinton unveiled a $9.3 billion welfare reform plan. Academy Award-winning composer Henry Mancini died in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 70. The New York Rangers won hockey's Stanley Cup for the first time in 54 years as they defeated the Vancouver Canucks at Madison Square Garden.

• In 1999, the Supreme Court opened the door to full broadcast advertising of casino gambling, ruling a federal ban aimed at protecting compulsive gamblers violated free-speech rights.

• In 2003, a wave estimated at about 20 feet tall capsized the charter fishing boat Taki-Tooo off the northern Oregon coast. Nine people were killed, two others are missing and presumed dead; eight survived by swimming to shore. A car driven by Phoenix Bishop Thomas O'Brien struck and killed pedestrian Jim Reed. O'Brien was later convicted of leaving the scene of an accident and sentenced to probation.

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