This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, June 14, 2005

In Alaska

• In 1877, U. S. Army troops in Sitka and Wrangell bid farewell to Alaska and sailed south.

• In 1940, Pan American Airways inaugurated Clipper Service between Seattle, Ketchikan and Juneau.

• In 1944, most of the town of Hoonah was destroyed by fire.

In the nation

• In 1775, the United States Army was founded.

• In 1777, the Continental Congress in Philadelphia adopted the Stars and Stripes as the national flag.

• In 1846, a group of U.S. settlers in Sonoma proclaimed the Republic of California.

• In 1928, the Republican National Convention nominated Herbert Hoover for president on the first ballot.

• In 1943, the Supreme Court ruled schoolchildren could not be compelled to salute the flag of the United States if doing so conflicted with their religious beliefs.

• In 1954, President Eisenhower signed an order adding the words "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance.

• In 1995, Stephen Yokich was elected president of the United Auto Workers at the union's triennial convention in Anaheim, Calif.

• In 2000, the Southern Baptist Convention declared that women should no longer serve as pastors.

• In 2004, the Supreme Court allowed schoolchildren to keep affirming loyalty to one nation "under God," but dodged the underlying question of whether the Pledge of Allegiance was an unconstitutional blending of church and state.

In the world

• In 1841, the first Canadian parliament opened in Kingston.

• In 1940, German troops entered Paris during World War II.

• In 1940, in German-occupied Poland, the Nazis opened their concentration camp at Auschwitz.

• In 1985, the 17-day hijack ordeal of TWA Flight 847 began as a pair of Lebanese Shiite Muslim extremists seized the jetliner shortly after takeoff from Athens, Greece.

• In 2000, in the biggest step toward peace since the end of the Korean War, the leaders of North and South Korea signed an agreement pledging to work for reconciliation and eventual reunification.

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