In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
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In 1877, U.S. Army troops at Sitka and Wrangell bid farewell to Alaska and sailed south.
In 1940, Pan American Airways inaugurated Clipper Service between Seattle, Ketchikan and Juneau.
In 1944, most of the town of Hoonah was destroyed by fire.
In the nation
In 1775, the Continental Army, forerunner of the United States Army, was created.
In 1777, the Continental Congress in Philadelphia adopted the Stars and Stripes as the national flag.
In 1846, a group of U.S. settlers in Sonoma proclaimed the Republic of California.
In 1928, the Republican National Convention nominated Herbert Hoover for president on the first ballot.
In 1943, the Supreme Court, in West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnette, ruled that schoolchildren could not be compelled to salute the flag of the United States.
In 1954, the words "under God" were added to the Pledge of Allegiance.
In 1967, the space probe Mariner 5 was launched from Cape Kennedy on a flight that took it past Venus.
In 1967, the movie "To Sir, with Love," starring Sidney Poitier, was first released.
In 1997, President Clinton opened a yearlong campaign against racism with a commencement address at the University of California, San Diego, in which he defended affirmative action and pleaded with Americans to confront and erase their most deeply held prejudices. A 1939 comic book featuring the first appearance by Batman was auctioned off for $68,500 at Sotheby's in New York.
In 2002, American Roman Catholic bishops meeting in Dallas adopted a policy to bar sexually abusive clergy from face-to-face contact with parishioners but keep them in the priesthood.
In 2006, President Bush, just back from a surprise visit to Iraq, dismissed calls for a U.S. withdrawal as election-year politics and refused to give a timetable or benchmark for success that would allow troops to come home.
In the world
In 1940, in German-occupied Poland, the Nazis opened their concentration camp at Auschwitz; the same day, German troops entered Paris.
In 1982, Argentine forces surrendered to British troops on the disputed Falkland Islands.
In 1985, the 17-day hijack ordeal of TWA Flight 847 began as a pair of Lebanese Shiite Muslim extremists seized the jetliner shortly after takeoff from Athens, Greece.
In 2002, a suicide bomber blew up a truck at the U.S. consulate in Karachi, Pakistan, killing 14 Pakistanis.
In 2006, Islamic militants in Somalia captured the last strategic town held by their warlord rivals, consolidating their hold over a large swath of the country.