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This Day in History

Posted: Thursday, June 14, 2007

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

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In Alaska

• In 1877, U.S. Army troops at Sitka and Wrangell bid farewell to Alaska and sailed south.

• In 1940, Pan American Airways inaugurated Clipper Service between Seattle, Ketchikan and Juneau.

• In 1944, most of the town of Hoonah was destroyed by fire.

In the nation

• In 1775, the Continental Army, forerunner of the United States Army, was created.

• In 1777, the Continental Congress in Philadelphia adopted the Stars and Stripes as the national flag.

• In 1846, a group of U.S. settlers in Sonoma proclaimed the Republic of California.

• In 1928, the Republican National Convention nominated Herbert Hoover for president on the first ballot.

• In 1943, the Supreme Court, in West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnette, ruled that schoolchildren could not be compelled to salute the flag of the United States.

• In 1954, the words "under God" were added to the Pledge of Allegiance.

• In 1967, the space probe Mariner 5 was launched from Cape Kennedy on a flight that took it past Venus.

• In 1967, the movie "To Sir, with Love," starring Sidney Poitier, was first released.

• In 1997, President Clinton opened a yearlong campaign against racism with a commencement address at the University of California, San Diego, in which he defended affirmative action and pleaded with Americans to confront and erase their most deeply held prejudices. A 1939 comic book featuring the first appearance by Batman was auctioned off for $68,500 at Sotheby's in New York.

• In 2002, American Roman Catholic bishops meeting in Dallas adopted a policy to bar sexually abusive clergy from face-to-face contact with parishioners but keep them in the priesthood.

• In 2006, President Bush, just back from a surprise visit to Iraq, dismissed calls for a U.S. withdrawal as election-year politics and refused to give a timetable or benchmark for success that would allow troops to come home.

In the world

• In 1940, in German-occupied Poland, the Nazis opened their concentration camp at Auschwitz; the same day, German troops entered Paris.

• In 1982, Argentine forces surrendered to British troops on the disputed Falkland Islands.

• In 1985, the 17-day hijack ordeal of TWA Flight 847 began as a pair of Lebanese Shiite Muslim extremists seized the jetliner shortly after takeoff from Athens, Greece.

• In 2002, a suicide bomber blew up a truck at the U.S. consulate in Karachi, Pakistan, killing 14 Pakistanis.

• In 2006, Islamic militants in Somalia captured the last strategic town held by their warlord rivals, consolidating their hold over a large swath of the country.



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