This Day in History

Posted: Sunday, June 17, 2007

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

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In Alaska

• In 1921, Scott Bone took office as the tenth governor of Alaska, appointed by President Warren Harding.

• In 1925, George Parks was inaugurated as the eleventh governor of Alaska, appointed by President Calvin Coolidge.

• In 1930, a fire destroyed most of the remaining buildings of the Alaska-Gastineau Mining Company at Perseverance, near Juneau.

• In 1942, the SS Coldbook was sunk by enemy action off Middleton Island.

• In 1949, the Air Force's 72nd Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron finished photo-mapping 260,000 square miles of Alaska for strategic locations of defense units. A new company, The Kuskoquim Transportation Co., announced plans to begin operations on the Kuskoquim River.

• In 1979, the trans-Alaska pipeline sprung a leak 65 miles north of the Valdez terminal. About 300 barrels of oil sprayed from a 3-inch hairline crack.

In the nation

• In 1775, the Revolutionary War Battle of Bunker Hill took place near Boston. The battle, which actually occurred on Breed's Hill, was a costly victory for the British, who suffered heavy losses while dislodging the rebels.

• In 1856, the Republican Party opened its first nominating convention in Philadelphia, during which it chose John Charles Fremont to be its presidential candidate (Fremont ended up losing to James Buchanan).

• In 1885, the Statue of Liberty arrived in New York Harbor aboard the French ship Isere.

• In 1948, a United Air Lines DC-6 crashed near Mount Carmel, Pa., killing all 43 people on board.

• In 1957, mob underboss Frank Scalice was shot to death at a produce market in the Bronx, N.Y.

• In 1963, the Supreme Court, in Abington School District v. Schempp, struck down rules requiring the recitation of the Lord's Prayer or reading of Biblical verses in public schools.

• In 1972, President Nixon's eventual downfall began with the arrest of five burglars inside Democratic national headquarters in Washington's Watergate complex.

• In 1997, Mir Aimal Kasi, the suspect in the shooting deaths of two CIA employees outside agency headquarters in January 1993, was brought to Fairfax, Va., to face trial after being arrested in Pakistan. (He was later convicted and sentenced to death.)

• In 2002, a judge in San Francisco tossed out the second-degree murder conviction of Marjorie Knoller for the dog-mauling death of neighbor Diane Whipple, but let stand Knoller's conviction for involuntary manslaughter. (However, the California Supreme Court has left open the possibility the murder conviction could be reinstated.) The U.S. Supreme Court struck down an Ohio village's law that required door-to-door solicitors to register with authorities and carry a permit.

In the world

• In 1928, Amelia Earhart embarked on a trans-Atlantic flight from Newfoundland to Wales with pilots Wilmer Stultz and Louis Gordon, becoming the first woman to make the trip, if only as a passenger.

• In 1944, the republic of Iceland was established.

• In 1961, Soviet ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defected to the West while his troupe was in Paris.

• In 1987, Charles Glass, a journalist on leave from ABC News, was kidnapped in Lebanon. (Glass escaped his captors in August 1987.)

• In 2006, officials in Chechnya reported police had killed rebel leader Abdul-Khalim Sadulayev by acting on a tip from within his network.

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