In Alaska, in the Nation and the World
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In 1834, Russian forces thwarted Hudson Bay Co. plans to go up the Stikine River.
In 1893, James Sheakley took office as the fourth governor of the district of Alaska, appointed by President Grover Cleveland.
In 1949, a test bore in the Navy's Reserve Number Four produced a honey-colored oil, but no oil in commercial quantities was found.
In 1951, daily passenger service on the Alaska Railroad began from Fairbanks to Anchorage.
In 1959, Ernest Williams, a Kake village leader, was the first person arrested in the state's attempt to enforce its new anti-fishtrap law. Alaska Airlines began construction of its terminal in Wrangell.
In the nation
In 1586, English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island, N.C., after failing to establish England's first permanent settlement in America.
In 1778, American forces entered Philadelphia as the British withdrew during the Revolutionary War.
In 1812, the United States declared war against Britain.
In 1986, 25 people were killed when a twin-engine plane and helicopter carrying sightseers collided over the Grand Canyon.