In 1834, Russian forces thwarted plans of the Hudson's Bay Company to go up the Stikine River.
In 1893, James Sheakley took office as the fourth Governor of the District of Alaska, appointed by President Grover Cleveland.
In 1896, Waino E. Hendrickson, who became secretary of Alaska and acting governor, was born.
In 1949, a test bore in the Navy's Reserve Number Four produced a honey-colored oil, but no oil in commercial quantities was found.
In 1951, daily passenger service on the Alaska Railroad began from Fairbanks to Anchorage.
In 1959, Ernest Williams, a Kake village leader, was the first person arrested in the state's attempt to enforce its new anti-fishtrap law.
In 1969, Alaska Airlines began construction of its terminal in Wrangell.
In the nation
In 1778, American forces entered Philadelphia as the British withdrew during the Revolutionary War.
In 1812, the United States declared war against Britain.
In 1858, the United States and China signed a treaty promoting "peace, amity and commerce."
In 1908, William Howard Taft was nominated for president by the Republican national convention in Chicago.
In 1958, President Eisenhower expressed support for his chief of staff, Sherman Adams, who was accused of improperly accepting gifts from a businessman. (Adams resigned in September 1958.)
In 1998, three people were killed when a Chicago-bound commuter train rammed a tractor-trailer in Portage, Ind.
In 2007, nine firefighters died in a fire at a furniture store and warehouse in Charleston, S.C. Yahoo Inc. Chairman Terry Semel ended his six-year tenure as chief executive officer, handing over the reins to co-founder Jerry Yang.
In the world
In 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte met his Waterloo as British and Prussian troops defeated the French in Belgium.
In 1928, Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean as she completed a journey with pilots Wilmer Stultz and Louis Gordon from Newfoundland to Wales in about 21 hours.
In 1940, during World War II, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill urged his countrymen to conduct themselves in a manner that would prompt future generations to say, "This was their finest hour."
In 1948, a United Nations commission finished drafting what would become the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
In 1979, President Carter and Soviet President Leonid I. Brezhnev signed the SALT II strategic arms limitation treaty in Vienna.