In 1912, an executive order was issued by President Taft creating the Hydaburg Indian Reservation.
In 1914, two battery-powered electric locomotives, weighing 4 1/2 tons each, arrived in Juneau by boat. They were scheduled to be used at the Treadwell and the Alaska-Juneau Mines.
In the nation
In 1586, English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island, N.C., after failing to establish England's first permanent settlement in America.
In 1953, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, convicted of conspiring to pass U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviet Union, were executed at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, N.Y.
In 1964, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was approved after surviving an 83-day Senate filibuster.
In the world
In 1917, during World War I, King George V ordered the British royal family to dispense with German titles and surnames. The family took the name "Windsor."
In 1963, Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova returned to Earth after spending nearly three days as the first woman in space.