This Day in History

Posted: Tuesday, June 19, 2007

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

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In Alaska

• In 1912, President Taft issued an executive order creating Hydaburg Indian Reservation.

• In 1914, two battery-powered electric locomotives, weighing 4½ tons each, arrived in Juneau by boat. They were scheduled to be used at the Treadwell and the Alaska-Juneau mines.

• In 1959, an airborne caravan of 40 small planes piloted by the National Flying Farmers Association landed in Palmer as part of a tour of Alaska. At that time, it was the largest number of planes at the Palmer Airport at one time.

• In 1974, journalist Lowell Thomas Sr. declared Glacier Bay to be one of the seven natural wonders of the world. Later that year, Lowell Thomas Jr. was elected to serve as lieutenant governor to Jay Hammond.

In the nation

• In 1862, slavery was outlawed in U.S. territories.

• In 1865, Union troops commanded by Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston, Texas, with news that the Civil War was over, and that all slaves were free. (This event is celebrated as "Juneteenth.")

• In 1910, Father's Day was celebrated for the first time, in Spokane, Wash.

• In 1934, the Federal Communications Commission was created; it replaced the Federal Radio Commission.

• In 1952, the celebrity-panel game show "I've Got A Secret" made its debut on CBS TV with Garry Moore as host.

• In 1953, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, convicted of conspiring to pass U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviet Union, were executed at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, N.Y.

• In 1964, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was approved by the Senate, 73-27, after surviving a lengthy filibuster.

• In 1977, Pope Paul VI proclaimed a 19th-century Philadelphia bishop, John Neumann, the first male U.S. saint.

• In 1982, in a case that galvanized the Asian-American community, Vincent Chin, a Chinese-American, was beaten to death in Highland Park, Mich., by two auto workers who later received probation for manslaughter in state court, and won acquittals in subsequent federal trials.

• In 1986, University of Maryland basketball star Len Bias, the first draft pick of the Boston Celtics, suffered a fatal cocaine-induced seizure.

• In 1997, President Clinton welcomed world leaders to Denver on the eve of an economic summit.

• In 2002, Rod Langway, Bernie Federko, Clark Gillies and Roger Neilson were elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame.

• In 2006, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice warned North Korea it would face consequences if it test-fired a missile thought to be powerful enough to reach the West Coast of the United States. Louisiana Gov. Kathleen Blanco said she would send National Guard troops and state police to patrol the streets of New Orleans after a bloody weekend in which six people were killed. The Carolina Hurricanes won their first Stanley Cup with a 3-1 victory over the Edmonton Oilers in Game 7.

In the world

• In 1917, during World War I, King George V ordered the British royal family to dispense with German titles and surnames; the family took the name "Windsor."

• In 1997, McDonald's won a libel case in London against two vegetarian activists, even though the judge said he agreed with some of the defendants' sharpest criticisms of the fast-food giant.

• In 2002, a suicide bomber killed seven Israelis on a Jerusalem bus in the second deadly attack in the city in two days. The space shuttle Endeavour returned to Earth with one Russian and two American crewmen who'd spent 6 ½ months aboard the international space station.

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