In 1939, the U.S. Forest Service announced that 25 homesites and other tracts of land in the Chugach National Forest would be opened for public entry under the public land laws.
In 1948, the town of Yakutat, on the edge of the Gulf of Alaska, was formally incorporated as a city.
In the nation
In 1870, Congress created the Department of Justice.
In 1938, heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis knocked out Max Schmeling in the first round of their rematch at Yankee Stadium.
In 1944, President Roosevelt signed the Readjustment Act of 1944, more popularly known as the GI Bill of Rights.
In 1970, President Nixon signed a measure lowering the voting age to 18.
In 1987, actor-dancer Fred Astaire died in Los Angeles at age 88.
In 1993, former first lady Pat Nixon died in Park Ridge, N.J., at age 81.
In 1994, President Clinton announced North Korea had confirmed its willingness to freeze its nuclear program. The Houston Rockets defeated the New York Knicks 90-84 to win the NBA championship.
In 1999, the Supreme Court ruled the Americans with Disabilities Act does not extend to people with poor eyesight or other correctable conditions.
In the world
In 1611, English explorer Henry Hudson, his son and several other people were set adrift in present-day Hudson Bay by mutineers.
In 1911, Britain's King George V was crowned at Westminster Abbey.
In 1940, during World War II, Adolf Hitler gained a stunning victory as France was forced to sign an armistice eight days after German forces overran Paris.
In 1945, the World War II battle for Okinawa officially ended; 12,520 Americans and 110,000 Japanese were killed in the 81-day campaign.
In 1969, singer-actress Judy Garland died in London at age 47.