This Day in History

Posted: Friday, June 22, 2007

In Alaska, in the Nation and the World

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In Alaska

• In 1865, the Confederate raider Shenandoah fired the last shot of the Civil War in the Bering Sea off the coast of Siberia.

• In 1939, Regional Forester B. Frank Heintzlemann suggested developing Alaskan peat to displace European peat in gardens and nurseries. The U.S. Forest Service announced that 25 homesites and other tracts of land in the Chugach National Forest would be opened for public entry under the Public Land laws.

• In 1948, the town of Yakutat on the edge of the Gulf of Alaska was formally incorporated as a city.

• In 1949, Police Chief Bernie Hulk reported favorable comments concerning Juneau's new parking meters.

• In 1949, U.S. and Alaska health officials set up equipment at Taku Lodge near Juneau and began conducting experiments on adult mosquito control.

In the nation

• In 1870, the U.S. Department of Justice was created.

• In 1937, Joe Louis began his reign as world heavyweight boxing champion by knocking out Jim Braddock in the eighth round of their fight in Chicago.

• In 1938, Joe Louis knocked out Max Schmeling in the first round of their rematch at Yankee Stadium.

• In 1944, President Roosevelt signed the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, more popularly known as the "GI Bill of Rights."

• In 1970, President Nixon signed an extension of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 that lowered the minimum voting age to 18.

• In 1977, John N. Mitchell became the first former U.S. Attorney General to go to prison as he began serving a sentence for his role in the Watergate cover-up. (He was released 19 months later.)

• In 1997, world leaders concluded a historic summit in Denver with Russia's full participation for the first time. Dr. Nancy W. Dickey was named the first female president of the American Medical Association.

• In 2006, during a visit to Hungary to commemorate the 1956 revolt against communism, President Bush said war-weary Iraqis could learn from the Hungarians' long and bloody struggle against tyranny. The Bush administration confirmed it had gained access to international banking records as part of a classified program to choke off financial support for terrorism. The Red Cross admitted Israel as a member and allowed it to use a star of David as its symbol.

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